CARFAX Vehicle History Report
2005 VOLVO XC90
VIN: YV1CZ852951175094
4 DOOR WAGON/SPORT UTILITY
4.4L V8 PFI
ALL WHEEL DRIVE
Accident/damage reported
Accident / Damage reported
3 or more previous owners
4 Previous owners
Service information available
28 Service history records
Vehicle registration information
Types of owners: Corporate fleet, Personal
Vehicle registration information
Last owned in Virginia
Last reported odometer reading/mileage
Last reported odometer reading
Just say, Show Me the CARFAX!

This CARFAX Vehicle History Report is based only on information supplied to CARFAX and available as of 6/14/16 at 1:59:04 PM (EDT). Other information about this vehicle, including problems, may not have been reported to CARFAX. Use this report as one important tool, along with a vehicle inspection and test drive, to make a better decision about your next used car.






Loss Due To Fire Title
The vehicle sustained major damage due to fire. In most states, fire damage titles are issued when the cost of repairing the vehicle for safe operation exceeds its fair market value.








Accident / Damage Indicator
Various events could indicate an accident or damage in a vehicle's history, such as: salvage auction, fire damage, police-reported accident, crash test vehicle, damage disclosure, collision repair facility and automotive recycler records. See the glossary for more information.



















Rebuilt/Reconstructed Title
A Rebuilt/Reconstructed vehicle is a salvage vehicle that has been repaired and restored to operation. These vehicles are often severely damaged before they are rebuilt and refurbished parts are typically used during reconstruction. In most states, an inspection of the vehicle is required before the vehicle is allowed to return to the road.
































Odometer Check
CARFAX analyzes mileage data to help identify potential:
  • Rollbacks - odometer tampering to conceal a car's true mileage (i.e. Fraud or illegal activity)
  • Rollovers - after reaching the maximum reading, the odometer restarts from zero (i.e. Mechanical or equipment limitation)
  • Inconsistencies - conflicting mileage data means CARFAX cannot determine if it's a potential rollback (i.e. Potential human error)


Airbag Deployment
Occurs when the driver, passenger or side airbag has been used or deployed during a crash or other incident. If an airbag has been deployed, it must be replaced by a qualified technician. Have this car inspected by a mechanic prior to purchase.





























Salvage Title
A Salvage Title is issued on a vehicle damaged to the extent that the cost of repairing the vehicle exceeds approximately 75% of its pre-damage value. This damage threshold may vary by state. Some states treat Junk titles the same as Salvage but the majority use this title to indicate that a vehicle is not road worthy and cannot be titled again in that state. The following eleven States also use Salvage titles to identify stolen vehicles - AZ, FL, GA, IL, MD, MN, NJ, NM, NY, OK and OR.






Hail Damage Title
The vehicle sustained major damage due to hail. In most states, hail damage titles are issued when the cost of repairing the vehicle for safe operation exceeds its fair market value.







Rebuilt/Reconstructed Title
A Rebuilt/Reconstructed vehicle is a salvage vehicle that has been repaired and restored to operation. These vehicles are often severely damaged before they are rebuilt and refurbished parts are typically used during reconstruction. In most states, an inspection of the vehicle is required before the vehicle is allowed to return to the road.
















Loss Due To Fire Title
The vehicle sustained major damage due to fire. In most states, fire damage titles are issued when the cost of repairing the vehicle for safe operation exceeds its fair market value.

















Exceeds Mechanical Limits Title
A vehicle with a 5-digit odometer cannot accurately track mileage after 99,999 miles because the odometer rolls over. This title is the result of a seller certifying under the Federal Odometer Act, that the odometer reading EXCEEDS MECHANICAL LIMITS of the odometer.


























Structural Damage
All levels of accidents, from minor to severe, can cause structural damage to a vehicle (i.e., damage to the frame or unibody).


Odometer Check
CARFAX analyzes mileage data to help identify potential:
  • Rollbacks - odometer tampering to conceal a car's true mileage (i.e. Fraud or illegal activity)
  • Rollovers - after reaching the maximum reading, the odometer restarts from zero (i.e. Mechanical or equipment limitation)
  • Inconsistencies - conflicting mileage data means CARFAX cannot determine if it's a potential rollback (i.e. Potential human error)















Rebuilt/Reconstructed Title
A Rebuilt/Reconstructed vehicle is a salvage vehicle that has been repaired and restored to operation. These vehicles are often severely damaged before they are rebuilt and refurbished parts are typically used during reconstruction. In most states, an inspection of the vehicle is required before the vehicle is allowed to return to the road.



Hail Damage Title
The vehicle sustained major damage due to hail. In most states, hail damage titles are issued when the cost of repairing the vehicle for safe operation exceeds its fair market value.



Total Loss
An insurance or fleet company declares a vehicle a total loss when a claim exceeds approximately 75% of its pre-damage value or if the vehicle is stolen and not recovered. This damage threshold varies by company. These companies typically take possession and obtain the title. Not all total loss vehicles result in a DMV-reported branded title, like a Salvage or Junk title. See the glossary for more information.
Basic Warranty
Most manufacturers offer a basic warranty for new vehicles. These warranties vary by manufacturer and typically last for a certain amount of time and/or a set number of miles.






















































Structural Damage
All levels of accidents, from minor to severe, can cause structural damage to a vehicle (i.e., damage to the frame or unibody).
Manufacturer Buyback or Lemon Title
A DMV or a state agency marks an official document or issues a Manufacturer Buyback/Lemon title when a vehicle has been repurchased by the manufacturer. Not all states issue manufacturer buyback titles and the specific requirements for a lemon law vehicle varies by state.















































Manufacturer Recall
Automobile manufacturers issue recall notices to inform owners of car defects that have come to the manufacturer's attention. Recalls also suggest improvements that can be made to improve the safety of a particular vehicle. Most manufacturer recalls can be repaired at no cost to you.


































Manufacturer Recall
Automobile manufacturers issue recall notices to inform owners of car defects that have come to the manufacturer's attention. Recalls also suggest improvements that can be made to improve the safety of a particular vehicle. Most manufacturer recalls can be repaired at no cost to you.














Not Actual Mileage Title
When the seller certifies, under the Federal Odometer Act, that the odometer reading does not reflect the vehicle's actual mileage. This may occur because the odometer was tampered with, broken, or replaced.










Basic Warranty
Most manufacturers offer a basic warranty for new vehicles. These warranties vary by manufacturer and typically last for a certain amount of time and/or a set number of miles.









Airbag Deployment
Occurs when the driver, passenger or side airbag has been used or deployed during a crash or other incident. If an airbag has been deployed, it must be replaced by a qualified technician. Have this car inspected by a mechanic prior to purchase.











Not Actual Mileage Title
When the seller certifies, under the Federal Odometer Act, that the odometer reading does not reflect the vehicle's actual mileage. This may occur because the odometer was tampered with, broken, or replaced.

Rebuilt/Reconstructed Title
A Rebuilt/Reconstructed vehicle is a salvage vehicle that has been repaired and restored to operation. These vehicles are often severely damaged before they are rebuilt and refurbished parts are typically used during reconstruction. In most states, an inspection of the vehicle is required before the vehicle is allowed to return to the road.





























Dismantled Title
The vehicle sustained major damage to one or more major component parts and the cost of repairing the vehicle for safe operation exceeds its fair market value. When a Dismantled title is issued, the vehicle may be used only for parts or scrap metal. It cannot be re-titled or returned to the road.




































Junk Title
A Junk Title is issued on a vehicle damaged to the extent that the cost of repairing the vehicle exceeds approximately 75% of its pre-damage value. This damage threshold may vary by state. The majority of states use this title to indicate that a vehicle is not road worthy and cannot be titled again. Some states treat Junk titles the same as Salvage.




















Flood Damage Title
States issue flood titles when a vehicle has been in a flood or has received extensive water damage.




















Exceeds Mechanical Limits Title
A vehicle with a 5-digit odometer cannot accurately track mileage after 99,999 miles because the odometer rolls over. This title is the result of a seller certifying under the Federal Odometer Act, that the odometer reading EXCEEDS MECHANICAL LIMITS of the odometer.
Salvage Title
A Salvage Title is issued on a vehicle damaged to the extent that the cost of repairing the vehicle exceeds approximately 75% of its pre-damage value. This damage threshold may vary by state. Some states treat Junk titles the same as Salvage but the majority use this title to indicate that a vehicle is not road worthy and cannot be titled again in that state. The following eleven States also use Salvage titles to identify stolen vehicles - AZ, FL, GA, IL, MD, MN, NJ, NM, NY, OK and OR.









Accident / Damage Indicator
Various events could indicate an accident or damage in a vehicle's history, such as: salvage auction, fire damage, police-reported accident, crash test vehicle, damage disclosure, collision repair facility and automotive recycler records. See the glossary for more information.
















Dismantled Title
The vehicle sustained major damage to one or more major component parts and the cost of repairing the vehicle for safe operation exceeds its fair market value. When a Dismantled title is issued, the vehicle may be used only for parts or scrap metal. It cannot be re-titled or returned to the road.


Total Loss
An insurance or fleet company declares a vehicle a total loss when a claim exceeds approximately 75% of its pre-damage value or if the vehicle is stolen and not recovered. This damage threshold varies by company. These companies typically take possession and obtain the title. Not all total loss vehicles result in a DMV-reported branded title, like a Salvage or Junk title. See the glossary for more information.















Manufacturer Buyback or Lemon Title
A DMV or a state agency marks an official document or issues a Manufacturer Buyback/Lemon title when a vehicle has been repurchased by the manufacturer. Not all states issue manufacturer buyback titles and the specific requirements for a lemon law vehicle varies by state.








Flood Damage Title
States issue flood titles when a vehicle has been in a flood or has received extensive water damage.






































Junk Title
A Junk Title is issued on a vehicle damaged to the extent that the cost of repairing the vehicle exceeds approximately 75% of its pre-damage value. This damage threshold may vary by state. The majority of states use this title to indicate that a vehicle is not road worthy and cannot be titled again. Some states treat Junk titles the same as Salvage.


















Ownership History

The number of owners is estimated

Owners 1-2 Owner 3 Owner 4
Year purchased2005 2011 2015 
Type of ownerSee Details Personal Personal
Estimated length of ownership5 yrs. 10 mo. 1 yr. 5 mo. 11 months 
Owned in the following states/provincesNew Jersey, District of Columbia Maryland, Missouri Virginia 
Estimated miles driven per yearSee Details 12,009/yr 3,068/yr 
Last reported odometer reading52,258 93,000 97,385 

Title History

CARFAX guarantees the information in this section

Owners 1-2 Owner 3 Owner 4
Salvage | Junk | Rebuilt | Fire | Flood | Hail | LemonGuaranteed
No Problem
Guaranteed
No Problem
Guaranteed
No Problem
Not Actual Mileage | Exceeds Mechanical LimitsGuaranteed
No Problem
Guaranteed
No Problem
Guaranteed
No Problem
GUARANTEED - None of these major title problems were reported by a state Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV). If you find that any of these title problems were reported by a DMV and not included in this report, CARFAX will buy this vehicle back.Register | View Terms

Additional History

Not all accidents / issues are reported to CARFAX

Owners 1-2 Owner 3 Owner 4
Total Loss
No total loss reported to CARFAX.
No Issues Reported
No Issues Reported
No Issues Reported
Structural Damage
No structural damage reported to CARFAX.
No Issues Reported
No Issues Reported
No Issues Reported
Airbag Deployment
No airbag deployment reported to CARFAX.
No Issues Reported
No Issues Reported
No Issues Reported
Odometer Check
No indication of an odometer rollback.
No Issues Indicated
No Issues Indicated
No Issues Indicated
Accident / Damage
Accident reported on 01/03/2013.
No Issues Reported
Accident Reported
No New Issues Reported
Manufacturer Recall
Check with an authorized Volvo dealer for any open recalls.
No Recalls Reported
No Recalls Reported
No Recalls Reported

Detailed History

Owner 1
Purchased:2005
Type:Corporate fleet
Where:New Jersey
Est. miles/year:10,786/yr
Est. length owned: 1/28/05 - 11/18/06 (1 yr. 9 mo.)
Low mileage! This owner drove less than the industry average of 15,000 miles per year.
VOLVO
Date:Mileage:Source:Comments:
12/13/2004     Volvo Motors Vehicle manufactured
Silver metallic exterior
Arena leather interior
01/09/2005     US Customs Vehicle exported from
Sweden
and imported to
Brunswick, GA
01/14/2005     Volvo Motors Vehicle shipped to original dealer
01/19/2005     Volvo Motors Vehicle sold by dealer
01/28/2005   35   New Jersey
Motor Vehicle Dept.
Hackensack, NJ
Title #DA20050280278
Title issued or updated
First owner reported
Titled or registered as corporate fleet vehicle
01/30/2005     New Jersey
Motor Vehicle Dept.
Northvale, NJ
Registration updated when owner moved
the vehicle to a new location
03/21/2005     AutoNation Volvo Delray
Delray Beach, FL
561-266-2715
autonationvolvodelray.com
utonationvolvodelra
y.com
Oil and filter changed
05/09/2005   5,168   Sunset Automall
Sarasota, FL
941-924-8822
sunsetdodgejeep.net
Electrical system checked
05/17/2005     Volvo of Tampa
Tampa, FL
813-885-2717
volvooftampa.com
Brakes checked
05/31/2005     AutoNation Volvo Delray
Delray Beach, FL
561-266-2715
autonationvolvodelray.com
utonationvolvodelra
y.com
Wiring harness installed
07/18/2005     AutoNation Volvo Delray
Delray Beach, FL
561-266-2715
autonationvolvodelray.com
utonationvolvodelra
y.com
7,500 mile service performed
CD player replaced
CD player/changer reinstalled
09/27/2006     AutoNation Volvo Delray
Delray Beach, FL
561-266-2715
autonationvolvodelray.com
utonationvolvodelra
y.com
15,000 mile service performed
11/18/2006   19,475   Dealer Inventory
Annapolis, MD
Vehicle offered for sale
11/22/2006     Volvo Certified Retailer
Annapolis, MD
Offered for sale as a Volvo Certified Vehicle
12/23/2006     Volvo Certified Retailer
Annapolis, MD
Sold as a Volvo Certified Pre-Owned vehicle
01/06/2007     D.C.
Inspection Station
Washington, DC
Passed emissions inspection
01/29/2007   20,908   Martens Volvo Volkswagen
Washington, DC
202-537-3000
martenscars.com
Computer reprogrammed
Lights checked
Radio/sound system checked
Steering/suspension checked
02/02/2007   20,954   Euro Motorcars Volvo
Washington, DC
877-358-2879
euromotorcarsvolvoofbethesda.com/index.htm
uromotorcarsvolvoof
bethesda.com/index.h
tm
Radio/sound system checked
Steering/suspension checked
 
Owner 2
Purchased:2007
Type:Personal
Where:District of Columbia
Est. miles/year:8,069/yr
Est. length owned: 2/13/07 - 12/1/10 (3 yrs. 9 mo.)
Low mileage! This owner drove less than the industry average of 15,000 miles per year.
Date:Mileage:Source:Comments:
02/13/2007     D.C.
Motor Vehicle Dept.
Washington, DC
Title #K1399725
Registration issued or renewed
New owner reported
Loan or lien reported
04/03/2007   22,677   Martens Volvo Volkswagen
Washington, DC
202-537-3000
martenscars.com
7,500 mile service performed
Brake pedal position sensor replaced
Fuel system checked
Oil and filter changed
Power steering checked
Tire condition and pressure checked
04/06/2007     Euro Motorcars Volvo
Washington, DC
877-358-2879
euromotorcarsvolvoofbethesda.com/index.htm
uromotorcarsvolvoof
bethesda.com/index.h
tm
7,500 mile service performed
Brake pedal position sensor replaced
Fuel system checked
Oil and filter changed
Power steering checked
Tire condition and pressure checked
10/03/2007     D.C.
Motor Vehicle Dept.
Washington, DC
Title #K1399725
Title issued or updated
Loan or lien reported
11/16/2007     D.C.
Motor Vehicle Dept.
Washington, DC
Title #K1399725
Title issued or updated
Loan or lien reported
01/02/2008   28,505   Martens Volvo Volkswagen
Washington, DC
202-537-3000
martenscars.com
30,000 mile service performed
Oil and filter changed
Steering/suspension checked
Tire(s) balanced
Tires rotated
02/05/2008     D.C.
Motor Vehicle Dept.
Washington, DC
Title #K1399725
Registration issued or renewed
Loan or lien reported
04/09/2008   30,548   Martens Volvo Volkswagen
Washington, DC
202-537-3000
martenscars.com
Cooling system checked
Engine checked
Mass air flow sensor replaced
Vacuum hose(s) repaired
04/14/2008     Euro Motorcars Volvo
Washington, DC
877-358-2879
euromotorcarsvolvoofbethesda.com/index.htm
uromotorcarsvolvoof
bethesda.com/index.h
tm
Cooling system checked
Engine checked
Mass air flow sensor replaced
Vacuum hose(s) repaired
09/25/2008   34,277   Martens Volvo Volkswagen
Washington, DC
202-537-3000
martenscars.com
Recommended maintenance performed
A/C and heating system checked
Fuel filler door adjusted
Fuel filler door replaced/repaired
10/24/2008   34,812   Martens Volvo Volkswagen
Washington, DC
202-537-3000
martenscars.com
Vehicle serviced
11/05/2008   34,872   Euro Motorcars Volvo
Washington, DC
877-358-2879
euromotorcarsvolvoofbethesda.com/index.htm
uromotorcarsvolvoof
bethesda.com/index.h
tm
Vehicle serviced
02/26/2009     D.C.
Inspection Station
Washington, DC
Passed emissions inspection
03/23/2009   38,335   Martens Volvo Volkswagen
Washington, DC
202-537-3000
martenscars.com
Recommended maintenance performed
7,500 mile service performed
Tune-up performed
Wheel bearing(s)/hub(s) replaced
02/08/2010     D.C.
Motor Vehicle Dept.
Washington, DC
Title #K1399725
Registration issued or renewed
Loan or lien reported
04/30/2010   47,884   Martens Volvo Volkswagen
Washington, DC
202-537-3000
martenscars.com
Recommended maintenance performed
15,000 mile service performed
06/28/2010     D.C.
Motor Vehicle Dept.
Washington, DC
Title #K1399725
Registration issued or renewed
Loan or lien reported
08/11/2010   50,209   Martens Volvo Volkswagen
Washington, DC
202-537-3000
martenscars.com
Engine checked
Fuel pressure checked
Power window computer/module reprogrammed
12/01/2010   52,258   Online Listing Vehicle offered for sale
 
Owner 3
Purchased:2011
Type:Personal
Where:Maryland, Missouri
Est. miles/year:12,009/yr
Est. length owned: 1/17/11 - 7/2/12 (1 yr. 5 mo.)
Low mileage! This owner drove less than the industry average of 15,000 miles per year.
Date:Mileage:Source:Comments:
01/17/2011   52,281   Maryland
Motor Vehicle Dept.
Baltimore, MD
Title #42232733
Title or registration issued
New owner reported
Loan or lien reported
02/19/2011   53,952   Bill Kidd's Toyota - Volvo
Cockeysville, MD
410-666-8900
billkidds.com
Recommended maintenance performed
Drivability/performance checked
04/29/2011     Maryland
Inspection Station
Baltimore, MD
Passed emissions inspection
11/08/2011   64,065   Bill Kidd's Toyota - Volvo
Cockeysville, MD
410-666-8900
billkidds.com
60,000 mile service performed
Drivability/performance checked
07/02/2012   69,785   Northwest Tire & Auto
Chesterfield, MO
Vehicle serviced
07/02/2012     Missouri
Motor Vehicle Dept.
Vehicle purchase reported
Registration updated when owner moved
the vehicle to a new location
07/05/2012     Missouri
Motor Vehicle Dept.
Chesterfield, MO
Title #TCH73238
Title issued or updated
Registration issued or renewed
Loan or lien reported
Registration updated when owner moved
the vehicle to a new location
12/20/2012   74,736   Suntrup West County Volvo Saab
Ballwin, MO
636-227-8303
westcountyvolvo.com
Maintenance inspection completed
75,000 mile service performed
Computer reprogrammed
Washed/detailed
01/03/2013     Ohio
Damage Report
Accident reported
Vehicle involved in a single vehicle collision
Involving roof impact
Roof primarily damaged
Functional damage reported
Airbags did not deploy
01/08/2013   77,015   Suntrup West County Volvo Saab
Ballwin, MO
636-227-8303
westcountyvolvo.com
Vehicle serviced
04/24/2013   80,474   Suntrup West County Volvo Saab
Ballwin, MO
636-227-8303
westcountyvolvo.com
Maintenance inspection completed
Washed/detailed
06/24/2013   81,747   Suntrup West County Volvo Saab
Ballwin, MO
636-227-8303
westcountyvolvo.com
Outside mirror replaced/repaired
07/22/2013   82,075   Missouri
Inspection Station
Ballwin, MO
Passed emissions inspection
08/06/2013     Missouri
Motor Vehicle Dept.
Ballwin, MO
Title #TCH73238
Registration issued or renewed
Loan or lien reported
03/19/2014   85,300   Suntrup West County Volvo Saab
Ballwin, MO
636-227-8303
westcountyvolvo.com
Maintenance inspection completed
90,000 mile service performed
08/22/2014     Maryland
Motor Vehicle Dept.
Highland, MD
Title #42232733
Title issued or updated
Registration issued or renewed
Duplicate title issued
Loan or lien reported
Registration updated when owner moved
the vehicle to a new location
12/29/2014   91,935   Herb Gordon Volvo
Silver Spring, MD
301-890-6200
herbgordonvolvoofsilverspring.com
erbgordonvolvoofsil
verspring.com
Engine/powertrain computer/module checked
Fuel pressure sensor replaced
01/30/2015   92,150   Dealer Inventory Vehicle offered for sale
04/11/2015     Virginia
Motor Vehicle Dept.
Vehicle purchase reported
05/13/2015   93,000   Virginia
Inspection Station
Woodbridge, VA
Passed emissions inspection
 
Owner 4
Purchased:2015
Type:Personal
Where:Virginia
Est. miles/year:3,068/yr
Est. length owned: 5/13/15 - 4/25/16 (11 months)
Low mileage! This owner drove less than the industry average of 15,000 miles per year.
Date:Mileage:Source:Comments:
05/13/2015     Virginia
Motor Vehicle Dept.
Woodbridge, VA
Title or registration issued
New owner reported
Loan or lien reported
05/27/2015   94,541   Service Plan Co.
Woodbridge, VA
Service contract issued
12/05/2015     Virginia
Motor Vehicle Dept.
Fredericksburg, VA
Registration issued or renewed
Loan or lien reported
Registration updated when owner moved
the vehicle to a new location
04/19/2016   97,348   Virginia
Motor Vehicle Dept.
Richmond, VA
Title issued or updated
Vehicle repossessed
04/25/2016   97,349   Auto Auction
Eastern Region
Vehicle sold at auction
Listed as a dealer vehicle
  • Millions of used vehicles are bought and sold at auction every year.
06/07/2016   97,385   Dealer Inventory Vehicle offered for sale
 
 

Glossary

Accident / Damage Indicator
CARFAX receives information about accidents in all 50 states, the District of Columbia and Canada. Different information in a vehicle's history can indicate an accident or damage, such as: salvage auction, fire damage, police-reported accident, crash test vehicle, damage disclosure, collision repair facility and automotive recycler records. Not every accident or damage event is reported and not all reported are provided to CARFAX. Details about the accident or damage event when reported to CARFAX (e.g. severity, impact location, airbag deployment) are included on the Vehicle History Report. CARFAX recommends you obtain a vehicle inspection from your dealer or an independent mechanic.
  • According to the National Safety Council, Injury Facts, 2015 edition, 8% of the 254 million registered vehicles in the U.S. were involved in an accident in 2013. Over 74% of these were considered minor or moderate.
  • CARFAX depends on many sources for its accident / damage data. CARFAX can only report what is in our database on 6/14/16 at 1:59:04 PM (EDT). New data will result in a change to this report.
Ohio Damage Reports:
  • Provide an estimate of the extent of damage in its accident reports for the following:
    • SEVERE/TOTALED: The vehicle cannot be driven from the accident scene due to severe damage or an injury. This level of damage often results in a Salvage or Junk title.
    • DISABLING: The vehicle had to be towed or hauled away from the accident location.
    • FUNCTIONAL: Damage that affects the operation of the unit or its parts but is not disabling.
    • MINOR: The accident damage does not affect the operation of the vehicle. Examples include dented bumpers, fenders, grills and body panels. This level of accident should not compromise vehicle safety.
    • NO DAMAGE: The vehicle was not damaged.
  • Are required if the estimated damage exceeds $400
First Owner
When the first owner(s) obtains a title from a Department of Motor Vehicles as proof of ownership.
Fleet Vehicle
Vehicle was registered or sold to a company that manages vehicle fleets.
New Owner Reported
When a vehicle is sold to a new owner, the Title must be transferred to the new owner(s) at a Department of Motor Vehicles.
Ownership History
CARFAX defines an owner as an individual or business that possesses and uses a vehicle. Not all title transactions represent changes in ownership. To provide estimated number of owners, CARFAX proprietary technology analyzes all the events in a vehicle history. Estimated ownership is available for vehicles manufactured after 1991 and titled solely in the US including Puerto Rico. Dealers sometimes opt to take ownership of a vehicle and are required to in the following states: Maine, Massachusetts, New Jersey, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania and South Dakota. Please consider this as you review a vehicle's estimated ownership history.
Repossession
When a repossession occurs a vehicle owner fails to make loan payments, and the financial institution holding the title takes possession of the vehicle.
Title Issued
A state issues a title to provide a vehicle owner with proof of ownership. Each title has a unique number. Each title or registration record on a CARFAX report does not necessarily indicate a change in ownership. In Canada, a registration and bill of sale are used as proof of ownership.