CARFAX Vehicle History Report
1999 VOLKSWAGEN PASSAT GLS
VIN: WVWMA63B4XE465571
SEDAN 4 DR
1.8L L4 PFI DOHC
FRONT WHEEL DRIVE
Branded title
Branded Title: Salvage
2 previous owners
2 Previous owners
Service information available
24 Service history records
Registered as a personal vehicle
Personal vehicle
Vehicle registration information
Last owned in Georgia
Last reported odometer reading/mileage
Last reported odometer reading
Just say, Show Me the CARFAX!

Based on the information reported to CARFAX, this vehicle is worth $0 more than the retail book value.

This CARFAX Vehicle History Report is based only on information supplied to CARFAX and available as of 5/10/16 at 10:08:06 AM (EDT). Other information about this vehicle, including problems, may not have been reported to CARFAX. Use this report as one important tool, along with a vehicle inspection and test drive, to make a better decision about your next used car.











Odometer Check
CARFAX analyzes mileage data to help identify potential:
  • Rollbacks - odometer tampering to conceal a car's true mileage (i.e. Fraud or illegal activity)
  • Rollovers - after reaching the maximum reading, the odometer restarts from zero (i.e. Mechanical or equipment limitation)
  • Inconsistencies - conflicting mileage data means CARFAX cannot determine if it's a potential rollback (i.e. Potential human error)


Not Actual Mileage Title
When the seller certifies, under the Federal Odometer Act, that the odometer reading does not reflect the vehicle's actual mileage. This may occur because the odometer was tampered with, broken, or replaced.



































Structural Damage
All levels of accidents, from minor to severe, can cause structural damage to a vehicle (i.e., damage to the frame or unibody).




Exceeds Mechanical Limits Title
A vehicle with a 5-digit odometer cannot accurately track mileage after 99,999 miles because the odometer rolls over. This title is the result of a seller certifying under the Federal Odometer Act, that the odometer reading EXCEEDS MECHANICAL LIMITS of the odometer.
Salvage Title
A Salvage Title is issued on a vehicle damaged to the extent that the cost of repairing the vehicle exceeds approximately 75% of its pre-damage value. This damage threshold may vary by state. Some states treat Junk titles the same as Salvage but the majority use this title to indicate that a vehicle is not road worthy and cannot be titled again in that state. The following eleven States also use Salvage titles to identify stolen vehicles - AZ, FL, GA, IL, MD, MN, NJ, NM, NY, OK and OR.



















































Junk Title
A Junk Title is issued on a vehicle damaged to the extent that the cost of repairing the vehicle exceeds approximately 75% of its pre-damage value. This damage threshold may vary by state. The majority of states use this title to indicate that a vehicle is not road worthy and cannot be titled again. Some states treat Junk titles the same as Salvage.













Salvage Title
A Salvage Title is issued on a vehicle damaged to the extent that the cost of repairing the vehicle exceeds approximately 75% of its pre-damage value. This damage threshold may vary by state. Some states treat Junk titles the same as Salvage but the majority use this title to indicate that a vehicle is not road worthy and cannot be titled again in that state. The following eleven States also use Salvage titles to identify stolen vehicles - AZ, FL, GA, IL, MD, MN, NJ, NM, NY, OK and OR.














Exceeds Mechanical Limits Title
A vehicle with a 5-digit odometer cannot accurately track mileage after 99,999 miles because the odometer rolls over. This title is the result of a seller certifying under the Federal Odometer Act, that the odometer reading EXCEEDS MECHANICAL LIMITS of the odometer.













Airbag Deployment
Occurs when the driver, passenger or side airbag has been used or deployed during a crash or other incident. If an airbag has been deployed, it must be replaced by a qualified technician. Have this car inspected by a mechanic prior to purchase.






Rebuilt/Reconstructed Title
A Rebuilt/Reconstructed vehicle is a salvage vehicle that has been repaired and restored to operation. These vehicles are often severely damaged before they are rebuilt and refurbished parts are typically used during reconstruction. In most states, an inspection of the vehicle is required before the vehicle is allowed to return to the road.



































Dismantled Title
The vehicle sustained major damage to one or more major component parts and the cost of repairing the vehicle for safe operation exceeds its fair market value. When a Dismantled title is issued, the vehicle may be used only for parts or scrap metal. It cannot be re-titled or returned to the road.





Accident / Damage Indicator
Various events could indicate an accident or damage in a vehicle's history, such as: salvage auction, fire damage, police-reported accident, crash test vehicle, damage disclosure, collision repair facility and automotive recycler records. See the glossary for more information.






Dismantled Title
The vehicle sustained major damage to one or more major component parts and the cost of repairing the vehicle for safe operation exceeds its fair market value. When a Dismantled title is issued, the vehicle may be used only for parts or scrap metal. It cannot be re-titled or returned to the road.










Loss Due To Fire Title
The vehicle sustained major damage due to fire. In most states, fire damage titles are issued when the cost of repairing the vehicle for safe operation exceeds its fair market value.



























































Hail Damage Title
The vehicle sustained major damage due to hail. In most states, hail damage titles are issued when the cost of repairing the vehicle for safe operation exceeds its fair market value.








Airbag Deployment
Occurs when the driver, passenger or side airbag has been used or deployed during a crash or other incident. If an airbag has been deployed, it must be replaced by a qualified technician. Have this car inspected by a mechanic prior to purchase.
Total Loss
An insurance or fleet company declares a vehicle a total loss when a claim exceeds approximately 75% of its pre-damage value or if the vehicle is stolen and not recovered. This damage threshold varies by company. These companies typically take possession and obtain the title. Not all total loss vehicles result in a DMV-reported branded title, like a Salvage or Junk title. See the glossary for more information.






Manufacturer Buyback or Lemon Title
A DMV or a state agency marks an official document or issues a Manufacturer Buyback/Lemon title when a vehicle has been repurchased by the manufacturer. Not all states issue manufacturer buyback titles and the specific requirements for a lemon law vehicle varies by state.








































Loss Due To Fire Title
The vehicle sustained major damage due to fire. In most states, fire damage titles are issued when the cost of repairing the vehicle for safe operation exceeds its fair market value.


























Rebuilt/Reconstructed Title
A Rebuilt/Reconstructed vehicle is a salvage vehicle that has been repaired and restored to operation. These vehicles are often severely damaged before they are rebuilt and refurbished parts are typically used during reconstruction. In most states, an inspection of the vehicle is required before the vehicle is allowed to return to the road.
Manufacturer Recall
Automobile manufacturers issue recall notices to inform owners of car defects that have come to the manufacturer's attention. Recalls also suggest improvements that can be made to improve the safety of a particular vehicle. Most manufacturer recalls can be repaired at no cost to you.


Manufacturer Buyback or Lemon Title
A DMV or a state agency marks an official document or issues a Manufacturer Buyback/Lemon title when a vehicle has been repurchased by the manufacturer. Not all states issue manufacturer buyback titles and the specific requirements for a lemon law vehicle varies by state.






Accident / Damage Indicator
Various events could indicate an accident or damage in a vehicle's history, such as: salvage auction, fire damage, police-reported accident, crash test vehicle, damage disclosure, collision repair facility and automotive recycler records. See the glossary for more information.














Rebuilt/Reconstructed Title
A Rebuilt/Reconstructed vehicle is a salvage vehicle that has been repaired and restored to operation. These vehicles are often severely damaged before they are rebuilt and refurbished parts are typically used during reconstruction. In most states, an inspection of the vehicle is required before the vehicle is allowed to return to the road.















Structural Damage
All levels of accidents, from minor to severe, can cause structural damage to a vehicle (i.e., damage to the frame or unibody).

Junk Title
A Junk Title is issued on a vehicle damaged to the extent that the cost of repairing the vehicle exceeds approximately 75% of its pre-damage value. This damage threshold may vary by state. The majority of states use this title to indicate that a vehicle is not road worthy and cannot be titled again. Some states treat Junk titles the same as Salvage.























Odometer Check
CARFAX analyzes mileage data to help identify potential:
  • Rollbacks - odometer tampering to conceal a car's true mileage (i.e. Fraud or illegal activity)
  • Rollovers - after reaching the maximum reading, the odometer restarts from zero (i.e. Mechanical or equipment limitation)
  • Inconsistencies - conflicting mileage data means CARFAX cannot determine if it's a potential rollback (i.e. Potential human error)








































































Manufacturer Recall
Automobile manufacturers issue recall notices to inform owners of car defects that have come to the manufacturer's attention. Recalls also suggest improvements that can be made to improve the safety of a particular vehicle. Most manufacturer recalls can be repaired at no cost to you.
Rebuilt/Reconstructed Title
A Rebuilt/Reconstructed vehicle is a salvage vehicle that has been repaired and restored to operation. These vehicles are often severely damaged before they are rebuilt and refurbished parts are typically used during reconstruction. In most states, an inspection of the vehicle is required before the vehicle is allowed to return to the road.








Flood Damage Title
States issue flood titles when a vehicle has been in a flood or has received extensive water damage.



























Hail Damage Title
The vehicle sustained major damage due to hail. In most states, hail damage titles are issued when the cost of repairing the vehicle for safe operation exceeds its fair market value.









Total Loss
An insurance or fleet company declares a vehicle a total loss when a claim exceeds approximately 75% of its pre-damage value or if the vehicle is stolen and not recovered. This damage threshold varies by company. These companies typically take possession and obtain the title. Not all total loss vehicles result in a DMV-reported branded title, like a Salvage or Junk title. See the glossary for more information.





































































Basic Warranty
Most manufacturers offer a basic warranty for new vehicles. These warranties vary by manufacturer and typically last for a certain amount of time and/or a set number of miles.


Not Actual Mileage Title
When the seller certifies, under the Federal Odometer Act, that the odometer reading does not reflect the vehicle's actual mileage. This may occur because the odometer was tampered with, broken, or replaced.
Basic Warranty
Most manufacturers offer a basic warranty for new vehicles. These warranties vary by manufacturer and typically last for a certain amount of time and/or a set number of miles.
















Flood Damage Title
States issue flood titles when a vehicle has been in a flood or has received extensive water damage.

Ownership History

The number of owners is estimated

Owner 1 Owner 2
Year purchased1999 2003 
Type of owner Personal Personal
Estimated length of ownership3 yrs. 11 mo. 7 yrs. 1 mo. 
Owned in the following states/provincesFlorida Georgia 
Estimated miles driven per year12,709/yr 12,768/yr 
Last reported odometer reading49,550 144,365 

Title History

CARFAX guarantees the information in this section

Owner 1 Owner 2
Salvage | Junk | Rebuilt | Fire | Flood | Hail | Lemon No Problem Alert!
Problem Found
Not Actual Mileage | Exceeds Mechanical Limits No Problem No Problem

Alert! Severe problems were reported by a state Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV). This vehicle does not qualify for the CARFAX Buyback Guarantee.

Additional History

Not all accidents / issues are reported to CARFAX

Owner 1 Owner 2
Total Loss
Total loss reported on 10/20/2010.
No Issues Reported
Total Loss Reported
Structural Damage
No structural damage reported to CARFAX.
No Issues Reported
No Issues Reported
Airbag Deployment
No airbag deployment reported to CARFAX.
No Issues Reported
No Issues Reported
Odometer Check
No indication of an odometer rollback.
No Issues Indicated
No Issues Indicated
Accident / Damage
DMV title problems reported. Accidents reported on: 07/18/1999, 10/28/2004, 06/11/2010 and 09/04/2010.
Accident Reported
Severe Damage
Manufacturer Recall
No open recalls reported to CARFAX.
No Recalls Reported
No Recalls Reported

Detailed History

Owner 1
Purchased:1999
Type:Personal
Where:Florida
Est. miles/year:12,709/yr
Est. length owned: 9/8/99 - 8/18/03 (3 yrs. 11 mo.)
Date:Mileage:Source:Comments:
Not Reported     NICB Vehicle manufactured
and shipped to original dealer
07/18/1999     Florida
Damage Report
Accident reported
Involving front impact
with another motor vehicle
09/08/1999     Georgia
Motor Vehicle Dept.
Vehicle purchase reported
09/08/1999   25   Florida
Motor Vehicle Dept.
Miami, FL
Odometer reading reported
09/16/1999     Florida
Motor Vehicle Dept.
Miami, FL
Title #79479022
Title issued or updated
First owner reported
Titled or registered as
personal vehicle
Loan or lien reported
02/16/2000   5,922   Esserman International Acura Kia VW
Doral, FL
305-477-6666
essermaninternationalonline.com
ssermaninternationa
lonline.com
Recommended maintenance performed
Oil and filter changed
07/01/2000   11,837   Esserman International Acura Kia VW
Doral, FL
305-477-6666
essermaninternationalonline.com
ssermaninternationa
lonline.com
Recommended maintenance performed
Electrical system checked
Interior trim checked
Trim checked
07/10/2000     Esserman International Acura Kia VW
Doral, FL
305-477-6666
essermaninternationalonline.com
ssermaninternationa
lonline.com
Recommended maintenance performed
07/26/2000   12,959   Esserman International Acura Kia VW
Doral, FL
305-477-6666
essermaninternationalonline.com
ssermaninternationa
lonline.com
Interior trim checked
10/16/2000     Florida
Motor Vehicle Dept.
Miami, FL
Title #0079479022
Title issued or updated
Loan or lien reported
11/20/2000   17,056   Esserman International Acura Kia VW
Doral, FL
305-477-6666
essermaninternationalonline.com
ssermaninternationa
lonline.com
Recommended maintenance performed
Interior trim checked
12/28/2000   18,011   Esserman International Acura Kia VW
Doral, FL
305-477-6666
essermaninternationalonline.com
ssermaninternationa
lonline.com
Console repaired
Interior trim checked
02/01/2001   18,873   Esserman International Acura Kia VW
Doral, FL
305-477-6666
essermaninternationalonline.com
ssermaninternationa
lonline.com
Armrest replaced
Battery replaced
Engine checked
Tire condition and pressure checked
Tire repaired
Window tint installed
02/27/2001   18,874   Esserman International Acura Kia VW
Doral, FL
305-477-6666
essermaninternationalonline.com
ssermaninternationa
lonline.com
Vehicle serviced
03/01/2001   19,507   Deel Volvo VW
Miami, FL
305-444-2222
deelvolvo.net/
Front door trim panel replaced/repaired
Outside mirror switch replaced
03/24/2001   20,230   Esserman International Acura Kia VW
Doral, FL
305-477-6666
essermaninternationalonline.com
ssermaninternationa
lonline.com
Recommended maintenance performed
04/11/2001   20,580   Deel Volvo VW
Miami, FL
305-444-2222
deelvolvo.net/
Tire condition and pressure checked
06/11/2001   22,116   Deel Volvo VW
Miami, FL
305-444-2222
deelvolvo.net/
A/C system serviced
08/23/2001   23,984   Deel Volvo VW
Miami, FL
305-444-2222
deelvolvo.net/
Pre-delivery inspection completed
Electrical system checked
Engine checked
Engine/powertrain computer/module checked
Front brake pads replaced
Vacuum hose(s) replaced
05/24/2002   31,397   Deel Volvo VW
Miami, FL
305-444-2222
deelvolvo.net/
Brake fluid flushed/changed
Oil and filter changed
06/18/2002     Florida
Motor Vehicle Dept.
Miami Beach, FL
Registration updated when owner moved
the vehicle to a new location
01/03/2003   38,467   Esserman International Acura Kia VW
Doral, FL
305-477-6666
essermaninternationalonline.com
ssermaninternationa
lonline.com
Recommended maintenance performed
30,000 mile service performed
Brakes checked
Engine oil system flushed
Fuel injection system flushed/serviced
04/16/2003   42,868   Esserman International Acura Kia VW
Doral, FL
305-477-6666
essermaninternationalonline.com
ssermaninternationa
lonline.com
Engine/powertrain computer/module checked
Fuel filler cap secured
Oil and filter changed
05/13/2003     Esserman International Acura Kia VW
Doral, FL
305-477-6666
essermaninternationalonline.com
ssermaninternationa
lonline.com
Vehicle serviced
06/24/2003   46,699   Esserman International Acura Kia VW
Doral, FL
305-477-6666
essermaninternationalonline.com
ssermaninternationa
lonline.com
Recommended maintenance performed
3,750 mile service performed
Oil and filter changed
08/01/2003   49,550   Georgia
Inspection Station
Passed emissions inspection
 
Owner 2
Purchased:2003
Type:Personal
Where:Georgia
Est. miles/year:12,768/yr
Est. length owned: 8/18/03 - 10/14/10 (7 yrs. 1 mo.)
Date:Mileage:Source:Comments:
08/18/2003     Georgia
Motor Vehicle Dept.
Smyrna, GA
Title #170974032302007
Registration issued or renewed
New owner reported
Loan or lien reported
09/05/2003     Georgia
Motor Vehicle Dept.
Smyrna, GA
Title #771131032482007
Title issued or updated
Loan or lien reported
07/15/2004   66,949   Georgia
Inspection Station
Passed emissions inspection
10/28/2004     Georgia
Damage Report
Accident reported
Involving rear impact
with another motor vehicle
Moderate damage reported
08/05/2005   82,005   Georgia
Inspection Station
Passed emissions inspection
08/05/2006   96,748   Georgia
Inspection Station
Passed emissions inspection
08/09/2006     Georgia
Motor Vehicle Dept.
Smyrna, GA
Title #771131032482007
Registration issued or renewed
Vehicle color noted as Black
01/31/2007   104,289   Jim Ellis VW of Marietta
Marietta, GA
770-955-6565
jimellisvwmarietta.com
imellisvwmarietta.c
om
5,000 mile service performed
05/09/2007   108,735   Jim Ellis VW of Marietta
Marietta, GA
770-955-6565
jimellisvwmarietta.com
imellisvwmarietta.c
om
Recommended maintenance performed
5,000 mile service performed
Brake fluid flushed/changed
Cooling system checked
Drivability/performance checked
05/23/2007   109,320   Jim Ellis VW of Marietta
Marietta, GA
770-955-6565
jimellisvwmarietta.com
imellisvwmarietta.c
om
Brakes checked
Doors checked
Drivability/performance checked
Engine checked
07/23/2007   112,114   Georgia
Inspection Station
Passed emissions inspection
08/09/2007     Georgia
Motor Vehicle Dept.
Woodstock, GA
Title #771131032482007
Registration issued or renewed
Registration updated when owner moved
the vehicle to a new location
Vehicle color noted as Black
10/09/2007   114,981   Jim Ellis VW of Marietta
Marietta, GA
770-955-6565
jimellisvwmarietta.com
imellisvwmarietta.c
om
Drivability/performance checked
Engine/powertrain computer/module checked
07/01/2008   121,455   Georgia
Inspection Station
Passed emissions inspection
08/11/2008     Georgia
Motor Vehicle Dept.
Woodstock, GA
Title #771131032482007
Registration issued or renewed
Vehicle color noted as Black
10/30/2008   127,130   Nalley Volkswagen/Bentley Atlanta
Alpharetta, GA
678-795-3444
nalleyvwbentley.com
Vehicle serviced
11/26/2008   128,398   Nalley Volkswagen/Bentley Atlanta
Alpharetta, GA
678-795-3444
nalleyvwbentley.com
Vehicle serviced
08/06/2009   138,898   Georgia
Inspection Station
Passed emissions inspection
08/13/2009     Georgia
Motor Vehicle Dept.
Atlanta, GA
Title #771131032482007
Registration issued or renewed
Registration updated when owner moved
the vehicle to a new location
Vehicle color noted as Black
06/11/2010     Georgia
Damage Report
Accident reported
Involving rear impact
Minor damage reported
Airbags did not deploy

Click here to get this accident report
08/06/2010   144,365   Georgia
Inspection Station
Passed emissions inspection
08/06/2010     Georgia
Motor Vehicle Dept.
Atlanta, GA
Title #771131032482007
Registration issued or renewed
Vehicle color noted as Black
09/04/2010     Georgia
Damage Report
Accident reported
Involving rear impact
Moderate damage reported
Airbags did not deploy

Click here to get this accident report
10/14/2010     Georgia
Motor Vehicle Dept.
Vehicle purchase reported
10/20/2010     Damage Report TOTAL LOSS VEHICLE
  • There are many reasons an insurance company will declare a vehicle a total loss. Have this vehicle inspected by a qualified technician before you buy. Learn more
10/20/2010     Georgia
Motor Vehicle Dept.
Title or registration issued
to insurance company
10/20/2010     Georgia
Motor Vehicle Dept.
Duluth, GA
Title #400626102933904
SALVAGE TITLE/CERTIFICATE ISSUED
Vehicle color noted as Black
 
 

Glossary

Accident / Damage Indicator
CARFAX receives information about accidents in all 50 states, the District of Columbia and Canada. Different information in a vehicle's history can indicate an accident or damage, such as: salvage auction, fire damage, police-reported accident, crash test vehicle, damage disclosure, collision repair facility and automotive recycler records. Not every accident or damage event is reported and not all reported are provided to CARFAX. Details about the accident or damage event when reported to CARFAX (e.g. severity, impact location, airbag deployment) are included on the Vehicle History Report. CARFAX recommends you obtain a vehicle inspection from your dealer or an independent mechanic.
  • According to the National Safety Council, Injury Facts, 2015 edition, 8% of the 254 million registered vehicles in the U.S. were involved in an accident in 2013. Over 74% of these were considered minor or moderate.
  • CARFAX depends on many sources for its accident / damage data. CARFAX can only report what is in our database on 5/10/16 at 10:08:06 AM (EDT). New data will result in a change to this report.
Florida Damage Reports:
  • Provide an estimate of the extent of damage in its accident reports for the following:
    • SEVERE/TOTALED: The vehicle cannot be driven from the accident scene due to severe damage or an injury. This level of damage often results in a Salvage or Junk title.
    • DISABLED: The vehicle had to be towed or hauled away from the accident location.
    • FUNCTIONAL: The vehicle could be driven from the accident location.
    • MODERATE: The accident damage affects the operation of the vehicle and/or its parts. Examples include broken windows, trunk lids, doors, bumpers and tires.
    • MINOR: The accident damage does not affect the operation of the vehicle. Examples include dented bumpers, fenders, grills and body panels. This level of accident should not compromise vehicle safety.
    • NO DAMAGE: The vehicle was not damaged.
  • Are required if the estimated damage exceeds $500
Georgia Damage Reports:
  • Provide an estimate of the extent of damage in its accident reports for the following:
    • EXTENSIVE: The accident damage was major and may affect the operation of the vehicle. This level of damage often results in a Salvage or Junk title.
    • FIRE: The accident damage to the vehicle resulted in a fire.
    • MODERATE: The accident damage is moderate and may affect the operation of the vehicle and/or its parts. Examples include broken windows, trunk lids, doors, bumpers and tires.
    • MINOR / SLIGHT: The accident damage does not affect the operation of the vehicle. Examples include dented bumpers, fenders, grills and body panels. This level of accident should not compromise vehicle safety.
    • NO DAMAGE: The vehicle was not damaged.
  • Are required if the estimated damage exceeds $500
First Owner
When the first owner(s) obtains a title from a Department of Motor Vehicles as proof of ownership.
New Owner Reported
When a vehicle is sold to a new owner, the Title must be transferred to the new owner(s) at a Department of Motor Vehicles.
Ownership History
CARFAX defines an owner as an individual or business that possesses and uses a vehicle. Not all title transactions represent changes in ownership. To provide estimated number of owners, CARFAX proprietary technology analyzes all the events in a vehicle history. Estimated ownership is available for vehicles manufactured after 1991 and titled solely in the US including Puerto Rico. Dealers sometimes opt to take ownership of a vehicle and are required to in the following states: Maine, Massachusetts, New Jersey, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania and South Dakota. Please consider this as you review a vehicle's estimated ownership history.
Salvage Title
A Salvage Title is issued on a vehicle damaged to the extent that the cost of repairing the vehicle exceeds approximately 75% of its pre-damage value. This damage threshold may vary by state. Some states treat Junk titles the same as Salvage but the majority use this title to indicate that a vehicle is not road worthy and cannot be titled again in that state. The following eleven states also use Salvage titles to identify stolen vehicles - AZ, FL, GA, IL, MD, MN, NJ, NM, NY, OK and OR.
Title Issued
A state issues a title to provide a vehicle owner with proof of ownership. Each title has a unique number. Each title or registration record on a CARFAX report does not necessarily indicate a change in ownership. In Canada, a registration and bill of sale are used as proof of ownership.
Total Loss Vehicle
An insurance or fleet company declares a vehicle a total loss when a claim exceeds approximately 75% of its pre-damage value or if the vehicle is stolen and not recovered. This damage threshold varies by company. These companies typically take possession and obtain the title. Not all total loss vehicles result in a DMV-reported branded title. This may occur when an insurance company's definition of a total loss is different than the state DMV's definition for a branded title or when the owner of the vehicle is a self-insured company, like a fleet or rental company.