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CARFAX Vehicle History Report
2011 HYUNDAI SONATA SE/LIMITED
VIN: 5NPEC4AC8BH174336
SEDAN 4 DR
2.4L I4 DIR DOHC 16V
GASOLINE
FRONT WHEEL DRIVE
Branded title
Branded Title: Salvage
CARFAX 1-Owner vehicle
CARFAX 1-Owner vehicle
Open recall
At least 1 open recall
Service information available
11 Service history records
Registered as a personal vehicle
Personal vehicle
Last reported odometer reading/mileage
Last reported odometer reading
Just say, Show Me the CARFAX!

This CARFAX Vehicle History Report is based only on information supplied to CARFAX and available as of 10/8/16 at 1:56:16 AM (EDT). Other information about this vehicle, including problems, may not have been reported to CARFAX. Use this report as one important tool, along with a vehicle inspection and test drive, to make a better decision about your next used car.














Hail Damage Title
The vehicle sustained major damage due to hail. In most states, hail damage titles are issued when the cost of repairing the vehicle for safe operation exceeds its fair market value.




Rebuilt/Reconstructed Title
A Rebuilt/Reconstructed vehicle is a salvage vehicle that has been repaired and restored to operation. These vehicles are often severely damaged before they are rebuilt and refurbished parts are typically used during reconstruction. In most states, an inspection of the vehicle is required before the vehicle is allowed to return to the road.













Junk Title
A Junk Title is issued on a vehicle damaged to the extent that the cost of repairing the vehicle exceeds approximately 75% of its pre-damage value. This damage threshold may vary by state. The majority of states use this title to indicate that a vehicle is not road worthy and cannot be titled again. Some states treat Junk titles the same as Salvage.













Basic Warranty
Most manufacturers offer a basic warranty for new vehicles. These warranties vary by manufacturer and typically last for a certain amount of time and/or a set number of miles.

Flood Damage Title
States issue flood titles when a vehicle has been in a flood or has received extensive water damage.






















Flood Damage Title
States issue flood titles when a vehicle has been in a flood or has received extensive water damage.







Manufacturer Buyback or Lemon Title
A DMV or a state agency marks an official document or issues a Manufacturer Buyback/Lemon title when a vehicle has been repurchased by the manufacturer. Not all states issue manufacturer buyback titles and the specific requirements for a lemon law vehicle varies by state.





Loss Due To Fire Title
The vehicle sustained major damage due to fire. In most states, fire damage titles are issued when the cost of repairing the vehicle for safe operation exceeds its fair market value.










Manufacturer Recall
Automobile manufacturers issue recall notices to inform owners of car defects that have come to the manufacturer's attention. Recalls also suggest improvements that can be made to improve the safety of a particular vehicle. Most manufacturer recalls can be repaired at no cost to you.









Structural Damage
All levels of accidents, from minor to severe, can cause structural damage to a vehicle (i.e., damage to the frame or unibody).



















Exceeds Mechanical Limits Title
A vehicle with a 5-digit odometer cannot accurately track mileage after 99,999 miles because the odometer rolls over. This title is the result of a seller certifying under the Federal Odometer Act, that the odometer reading EXCEEDS MECHANICAL LIMITS of the odometer.







Airbag Deployment
Occurs when the driver, passenger or side airbag has been used or deployed during a crash or other incident. If an airbag has been deployed, it must be replaced by a qualified technician. Have this car inspected by a mechanic prior to purchase.

Exceeds Mechanical Limits Title
A vehicle with a 5-digit odometer cannot accurately track mileage after 99,999 miles because the odometer rolls over. This title is the result of a seller certifying under the Federal Odometer Act, that the odometer reading EXCEEDS MECHANICAL LIMITS of the odometer.







Odometer Check
CARFAX analyzes mileage data to help identify potential:
  • Rollbacks - odometer tampering to conceal a car's true mileage (i.e. Fraud or illegal activity)
  • Rollovers - after reaching the maximum reading, the odometer restarts from zero (i.e. Mechanical or equipment limitation)
  • Inconsistencies - conflicting mileage data means CARFAX cannot determine if it's a potential rollback (i.e. Potential human error)












Accident / Damage Indicator
Various events could indicate an accident or damage in a vehicle's history, such as: salvage auction, fire damage, police-reported accident, crash test vehicle, damage disclosure, collision repair facility and automotive recycler records. See the glossary for more information.
Manufacturer Recall
Automobile manufacturers issue recall notices to inform owners of car defects that have come to the manufacturer's attention. Recalls also suggest improvements that can be made to improve the safety of a particular vehicle. Most manufacturer recalls can be repaired at no cost to you.



























Basic Warranty
Most manufacturers offer a basic warranty for new vehicles. These warranties vary by manufacturer and typically last for a certain amount of time and/or a set number of miles.











Airbag Deployment
Occurs when the driver, passenger or side airbag has been used or deployed during a crash or other incident. If an airbag has been deployed, it must be replaced by a qualified technician. Have this car inspected by a mechanic prior to purchase.


























































































Hail Damage Title
The vehicle sustained major damage due to hail. In most states, hail damage titles are issued when the cost of repairing the vehicle for safe operation exceeds its fair market value.










Dismantled Title
The vehicle sustained major damage to one or more major component parts and the cost of repairing the vehicle for safe operation exceeds its fair market value. When a Dismantled title is issued, the vehicle may be used only for parts or scrap metal. It cannot be re-titled or returned to the road.
Junk Title
A Junk Title is issued on a vehicle damaged to the extent that the cost of repairing the vehicle exceeds approximately 75% of its pre-damage value. This damage threshold may vary by state. The majority of states use this title to indicate that a vehicle is not road worthy and cannot be titled again. Some states treat Junk titles the same as Salvage.















Structural Damage
All levels of accidents, from minor to severe, can cause structural damage to a vehicle (i.e., damage to the frame or unibody).












Rebuilt/Reconstructed Title
A Rebuilt/Reconstructed vehicle is a salvage vehicle that has been repaired and restored to operation. These vehicles are often severely damaged before they are rebuilt and refurbished parts are typically used during reconstruction. In most states, an inspection of the vehicle is required before the vehicle is allowed to return to the road.


Rebuilt/Reconstructed Title
A Rebuilt/Reconstructed vehicle is a salvage vehicle that has been repaired and restored to operation. These vehicles are often severely damaged before they are rebuilt and refurbished parts are typically used during reconstruction. In most states, an inspection of the vehicle is required before the vehicle is allowed to return to the road.

















Salvage Title
A Salvage Title is issued on a vehicle damaged to the extent that the cost of repairing the vehicle exceeds approximately 75% of its pre-damage value. This damage threshold may vary by state. Some states treat Junk titles the same as Salvage but the majority use this title to indicate that a vehicle is not road worthy and cannot be titled again in that state. The following eleven States also use Salvage titles to identify stolen vehicles - AZ, FL, GA, IL, MD, MN, NJ, NM, NY, OK and OR.




















Salvage Title
A Salvage Title is issued on a vehicle damaged to the extent that the cost of repairing the vehicle exceeds approximately 75% of its pre-damage value. This damage threshold may vary by state. Some states treat Junk titles the same as Salvage but the majority use this title to indicate that a vehicle is not road worthy and cannot be titled again in that state. The following eleven States also use Salvage titles to identify stolen vehicles - AZ, FL, GA, IL, MD, MN, NJ, NM, NY, OK and OR.



















Total Loss
An insurance or fleet company declares a vehicle a total loss when a claim exceeds approximately 75% of its pre-damage value or if the vehicle is stolen and not recovered. This damage threshold varies by company. These companies typically take possession and obtain the title. Not all total loss vehicles result in a DMV-reported branded title, like a Salvage or Junk title. See the glossary for more information.




Accident / Damage Indicator
Various events could indicate an accident or damage in a vehicle's history, such as: salvage auction, fire damage, police-reported accident, crash test vehicle, damage disclosure, collision repair facility and automotive recycler records. See the glossary for more information.



















Manufacturer Buyback or Lemon Title
A DMV or a state agency marks an official document or issues a Manufacturer Buyback/Lemon title when a vehicle has been repurchased by the manufacturer. Not all states issue manufacturer buyback titles and the specific requirements for a lemon law vehicle varies by state.



Odometer Check
CARFAX analyzes mileage data to help identify potential:
  • Rollbacks - odometer tampering to conceal a car's true mileage (i.e. Fraud or illegal activity)
  • Rollovers - after reaching the maximum reading, the odometer restarts from zero (i.e. Mechanical or equipment limitation)
  • Inconsistencies - conflicting mileage data means CARFAX cannot determine if it's a potential rollback (i.e. Potential human error)
Total Loss
An insurance or fleet company declares a vehicle a total loss when a claim exceeds approximately 75% of its pre-damage value or if the vehicle is stolen and not recovered. This damage threshold varies by company. These companies typically take possession and obtain the title. Not all total loss vehicles result in a DMV-reported branded title, like a Salvage or Junk title. See the glossary for more information.
Not Actual Mileage Title
When the seller certifies, under the Federal Odometer Act, that the odometer reading does not reflect the vehicle's actual mileage. This may occur because the odometer was tampered with, broken, or replaced.
























Not Actual Mileage Title
When the seller certifies, under the Federal Odometer Act, that the odometer reading does not reflect the vehicle's actual mileage. This may occur because the odometer was tampered with, broken, or replaced.


















































Loss Due To Fire Title
The vehicle sustained major damage due to fire. In most states, fire damage titles are issued when the cost of repairing the vehicle for safe operation exceeds its fair market value.


































Rebuilt/Reconstructed Title
A Rebuilt/Reconstructed vehicle is a salvage vehicle that has been repaired and restored to operation. These vehicles are often severely damaged before they are rebuilt and refurbished parts are typically used during reconstruction. In most states, an inspection of the vehicle is required before the vehicle is allowed to return to the road.
































































Dismantled Title
The vehicle sustained major damage to one or more major component parts and the cost of repairing the vehicle for safe operation exceeds its fair market value. When a Dismantled title is issued, the vehicle may be used only for parts or scrap metal. It cannot be re-titled or returned to the road.

















Ownership History

The number of owners is estimated

Owner 1
Year purchased2011 
Type of owner Personal
Estimated length of ownership5 yrs. 8 mo. 
Owned in the following states/provincesOregon 
Estimated miles driven per year14,135/yr 
Last reported odometer reading80,903 

Title History

CARFAX guarantees the information in this section

Owner 1
Salvage | Junk | Rebuilt | Fire | Flood | Hail | Lemon Alert!
Problem Found
Not Actual Mileage | Exceeds Mechanical Limits No Problem

Alert! Severe problems were reported by a state Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV). This vehicle does not qualify for the CARFAX Buyback Guarantee.

Additional History

Not all accidents / issues are reported to CARFAX

Owner 1
Total Loss
Total loss reported on 09/15/2016.
Total Loss Reported
Structural Damage
No structural damage reported to CARFAX.
No Issues Reported
Airbag Deployment
No airbag deployment reported to CARFAX.
No Issues Reported
Odometer Check
No indication of an odometer rollback.
No Issues Indicated
Accident / Damage
DMV title problems reported.
Severe Damage
Manufacturer Recall
At least 1 manufacturer recall requires repair. Most recalls can be repaired free of charge.
Recall
Reported

Detailed History

Owner 1
Purchased:2011
Type:Personal
Where:Oregon
Est. miles/year:14,135/yr
Est. length owned: 1/7/11 - 9/15/16 (5 yrs. 8 mo.)
Date:Mileage:Source:Comments:
10/15/2010     Hyundai Motor America Vehicle manufactured
and shipped to Oregon

Original Manufacturer's Suggested
Retail Price: $23,980

Radiant Silver exterior
Gray interior
11/03/2010   3   Ron Tonkin Hyundai
Gresham, OR
503-258-5588
rontonkinhyundai.com
Pre-delivery inspection completed
11/03/2010     Ron Tonkin Hyundai
Gresham, OR
503-258-5588
rontonkinhyundai.com
Vehicle offered for sale
11/05/2010     Ron Tonkin Chevrolet
Portland, OR
503-255-4100
tonkin.com
Vehicle offered for sale
12/09/2010     Ron Tonkin Hyundai
Gresham, OR
503-258-5588
rontonkinhyundai.com
Vehicle serviced
12/12/2010   18   Ron Tonkin Hyundai
Gresham, OR
503-258-5588
rontonkinhyundai.com
Vehicle sold
01/07/2011     Oregon
Motor Vehicle Dept.
Hubbard, OR
Title #1100749447
Title issued or updated
Registration issued or renewed
First owner reported
Titled or registered as
personal vehicle
Loan or lien reported
Registration updated when owner moved
the vehicle to a new location
01/28/2011   3,170   Ron Tonkin Hyundai
Gresham, OR
503-258-5588
rontonkinhyundai.com
Maintenance inspection completed
Drivability/performance checked
Oil and filter changed
08/20/2011   12,300   Oil Can Henrys #36
Woodburn, OR
Maintenance inspection completed
Engine/powertrain computer/module checked
Lights checked
Oil and filter changed
12/19/2012   32,345   Oil Can Henrys #36
Woodburn, OR
Maintenance inspection completed
Engine oil system flushed
Engine/powertrain computer/module checked
Lights checked
Oil and filter changed
06/18/2013   38,046   Withnell Dodge
Salem, OR
503-364-0184
withnellauto.com
Maintenance inspection completed
Shift lever knob/handle replaced
07/27/2013   38,969   Oil Can Henrys #36
Woodburn, OR
Maintenance inspection completed
Engine oil/fluid leak checked
Engine/powertrain computer/module checked
Lights checked
Oil and filter changed
05/29/2014   46,237   Oil Can Henrys #36
Woodburn, OR
Maintenance inspection completed
Cabin air filter replaced/cleaned
Engine/powertrain computer/module checked
Lights checked
Oil and filter changed
08/20/2014     Hyundai Motor America Manufacturer recall/service bulletin issued
NHTSA #14V434000
Recall # 123
AUTOMATIC TRANSAXLE SHIFT LEVER
Status: Remedy Available

Click here or call 1-800-633-5151 to locate an authorized Hyundai dealer near you to obtain more information about this recall.

Description: HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY (HYUNDAI) IS RECALLING CERTAIN MODEL YEAR 2011-2014 SONATA VEHICLES MANUFACTURED DECEMBER 11, 2009, THROUGH MAY 29, 2014. IN THE AFFECTED VEHICLES, THE TRANSMISSION SHIFT CABLE MAY DETACH FROM FROM THE SHIFT LEVER PIN.

IF THE TRANSMISSION SHIFT CABLE DETACHES, THE TRANSMISSION GEAR SELECTION MAY NOT MATCH THE INDICATED GEAR AND THE VEHICLE MAY MOVE IN AN UNINTENDED OR UNEXPECTED DIRECTION, INCREASING THE RISK OF A CRASH. FURTHERMORE, WHEN THE DRIVER PARKS THE VEHICLE, DESPITE SELECTING THE 'PARK' POSITION, THE TRANSMISSION MAY NOT BE IN 'PARK.' IF THE VEHICLE IS NOT IN THE 'PARK' POSITION AND THE PARKING BRAKE IS NOT APPLIED, THERE IS A RISK THE VEHICLE WILL ROLL AWAY AS THE DRIVER AND OTHER OCCUPANTS EXIT THE VEHICLE OR ANYTIME THEREAFTER. A VEHICLE ROLLAWAY INCREASES THE RISK OF INJURY TO EXITING OCCUPANTS AND BYSTANDERS.

Remedy: HYUNDAI WILL NOTIFY OWNERS, AND DEALERS WILL INSPECT AND, AS NECESSARY, REPAIR THE CONNECTION BETWEEN THE SHIFT CABLE AND SHIFT LEVER, FREE OF CHARGE. THE MANUFACTURER HAS NOT YET PROVIDED A NOTIFICATION SCHEDULE. OWNERS MAY CONTACT HYUNDAI CUSTOMER SERVICE AT 1-855-671-3059. HYUNDAI'S NUMBER FOR THIS RECALL IS 123.

12/23/2014     Oregon
Motor Vehicle Dept.
Woodburn, OR
Title #1100749447
Registration issued or renewed
Loan or lien reported
02/14/2015   54,414   Oil Can Henrys #36
Woodburn, OR
Maintenance inspection completed
Engine/powertrain computer/module checked
Lights checked
Oil and filter changed
09/21/2015   62,230   Oil Can Henrys #36
Woodburn, OR
Maintenance inspection completed
Engine/powertrain computer/module checked
Lights checked
Oil and filter changed
12/07/2015     Hyundai Motor America Manufacturer recall/service bulletin issued
NHTSA #15V568000
Recall # 132
2011 - 2012 ENGINE INSPECTION/REPLACEMENT
Status: Remedy Available

Click here or call 1-800-633-5151 to locate an authorized Hyundai dealer near you to obtain more information about this recall.

Description: HYUNDAI MOTOR AMERICA (HYUNDAI) IS RECALLING CERTAIN MODEL YEAR 2011-2012 SONATA VEHICLES MANUFACTURED DECEMBER 11, 2009, TO APRIL 12, 2012 AT HYUNDAI MOTOR MANUFACTURING ALABAMA AND EQUIPPED WITH EITHER A 2.0 LITER OR 2.4 LITER GASOLINE DIRECT INJECTION ENGINE. IN THE AFFECTED VEHICLES, METALLIC DEBRIS MAY NOT HAVE BEEN FULLY REMOVED DURING MANUFACTURING OF THE ENGINE CRANKSHAFT. IF THE DEBRIS WAS NOT COMPLETELY REMOVED, OIL FLOW MAY BE RESTRICTED THROUGH THE CONNECTING ROD BEARINGS, CAUSING CONNECTING ROD DAMAGE AND POSSIBLE ENGINE FAILURE. A WORN CONNECTING ROD BEARING WILL PRODUCE A METALLIC, CYCLIC KNOCKING NOISE FROM THE ENGINE AND POSSIBLE ENGINE FAILURE.

ENGINE FAILURE WOULD RESULT IN A VEHICLE STALL, INCREASING THE RISK OF A CRASH.

Remedy: HYUNDAI WILL NOTIFY OWNERS, AND DEALERS WILL INSPECT THE VEHICLES AND REPLACE THE ENGINE ASSEMBLY, AS NECESSARY, FREE OF CHARGE. ADDITIONALLY, HYUNDAI MOTOR AMERICA WILL INCREASE THE WARRANTY FOR THE ENGINE SUB-ASSEMBLY (SHORT BLOCK) TO 10 YEARS/120,000 MILES FOR BOTH ORIGINAL AND SUBSEQUENT OWNERS OF 2011 AND 2012 SONATAS MANUFACTURED AT HYUNDAI MOTOR MANUFACTURING ALABAMA EQUIPPED WITH 2.0 LITER AND 2.4 LITER GASOLINE DIRECT INJECTION ENGINES. INTERIM NOTIFICATIONS WERE MAILED TO OWNERS STARTING ON OCTOBER 8, 2015. A SECOND NOTIFICATION WILL BE MAILED WHEN PARTS ARE AVAILABLE. OWNERS MAY CONTACT HYUNDAI CUSTOMER SERVICE AT 1-855-671-3059 OR BY VISITING WWW.HYUNDAIUSA.COM/CAMPAIGN132. HYUNDAI'S NUMBER FOR THIS RECALL IS 132.

12/28/2015     Hyundai Motor America Manufacturer recall/service bulletin issued
NHTSA #15V759000
Recall # 136
SONATA BRAKE PEDAL STOPPER PAD REPLACEMENT
Status: Remedy Available

Click here or call 1-800-633-5151 to locate an authorized Hyundai dealer near you to obtain more information about this recall.

Description: HYUNDAI MOTOR AMERICA (HYUNDAI) IS RECALLING CERTAIN MODEL YEAR 2011-2012 SONATA VEHICLES MANUFACTURED DECEMBER 11, 2009 TO JUNE 30, 2011. IN THE AFFECTED VEHICLES, THE BRAKE PEDAL STOPPER PAD CAN DETERIORATE ALLOWING THE STOP LAMP SWITCH PLUNGER TO REMAIN EXTENDED WHEN THE BRAKE PEDAL IS RELEASED.

IF THE BRAKE LIGHT SWITCH PLUNGER DOES NOT RETRACT AS IT SHOULD WHEN THE BRAKE PEDAL IS NOT BEING PRESSED, THE BRAKE LIGHTS MAY STAY ILLUMINATED PREVENTING ACCURATE COMMUNICATION TO REARWARD FOLLOWING VEHICLES THAT THE VEHICLE IS SLOWING OR STOPPING. ADDITIONALLY, IF THE BRAKE SWITCH PLUNGER IS NOT RETRACTED, THEN THE TRANSMISSION CAN BE SHIFTED OUT OF PARK WITHOUT DEPRESSING THE BRAKE PEDAL. EITHER CONDITION INCREASES THE RISK OF A CRASH.

Remedy: HYUNDAI WILL NOTIFY OWNERS, AND DEALERS WILL REPLACE THE BRAKE PEDAL STOPPER PAD WITH AN IMPROVED PART, FREE OF CHARGE. THE RECALL IS EXPECTED TO BEGIN ON JANUARY 11, 2016. OWNERS MAY CONTACT HYUNDAI CUSTOMER SERVICE AT 1-855-671-3059. HYUNDAI'S NUMBER FOR THIS RECALL IS 136.

04/26/2016   73,812   Oil Can Henrys #36
Woodburn, OR
Maintenance inspection completed
Engine/powertrain computer/module checked
Lights checked
Oil and filter changed
06/29/2016     Hyundai Motor America Manufacturer recall/service bulletin issued
NHTSA #16V190000
Recall # 143
REMEDY NOT YET AVAILABLE
Status: Remedy Available

Click here or call 1-800-633-5151 to locate an authorized Hyundai dealer near you to obtain more information about this recall.

Description: HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY (HYUNDAI) IS RECALLING CERTAIN MODEL YEAR 2011 SONATA VEHICLES MANUFACTURED DECEMBER 11, 2009, TO OCTOBER 31, 2010. IN THE AFFECTED VEHICLES, THE ELECTRONIC POWER STEERING (EPS) CIRCUIT BOARD MAY BE DAMAGED AND RESULT IN A LOSS OF POWER STEERING ASSIST.

WITH A LOSS OF POWER STEERING ASSIST, EXTRA STEERING EFFORT WILL BE REQUIRED, ESPECIALLY AT LOWER SPEEDS, INCREASING THE RISK OF A CRASH.

Remedy: HYUNDAI WILL NOTIFY OWNERS, AND DEALERS WILL REPLACE THE EPS CONTROL UNIT, FREE OF CHARGE. THE RECALL BEGAN MAY 30, 2016. OWNERS MAY CONTACT HYUNDAI CUSTOMER SERVICE AT 1-855-371-9640. HYUNDAI'S NUMBER FOR THIS RECALL IS 143.

08/31/2016   80,903   Oregon
Motor Vehicle Dept.
Oklahoma City, OK
Odometer reading reported
09/15/2016     Damage Report
Motor Vehicle Dept.
TOTAL LOSS VEHICLE
  • There are many reasons an insurance company will declare a vehicle a total loss. Have this vehicle inspected by a qualified technician before you buy. Learn more
09/15/2016     Oregon
Motor Vehicle Dept.
Title or registration issued
to insurance company
09/15/2016     Oregon
Motor Vehicle Dept.
Oklahoma City, OK
Title #1625997308
SALVAGE TITLE/CERTIFICATE ISSUED
 
 

Glossary

Accident / Damage Indicator
CARFAX receives information about accidents in all 50 states, the District of Columbia and Canada. Different information in a vehicle's history can indicate an accident or damage, such as: salvage auction, fire damage, police-reported accident, crash test vehicle, damage disclosure, collision repair facility and automotive recycler records. Not every accident or damage event is reported and not all reported are provided to CARFAX. Details about the accident or damage event when reported to CARFAX (e.g. severity, impact location, airbag deployment) are included on the Vehicle History Report. CARFAX recommends you obtain a vehicle inspection from your dealer or an independent mechanic.
  • According to the National Safety Council, Injury Facts, 2015 edition, 8% of the 254 million registered vehicles in the U.S. were involved in an accident in 2013. Over 74% of these were considered minor or moderate.
  • CARFAX depends on many sources for its accident / damage data. CARFAX can only report what is in our database on 10/8/16 at 1:56:16 AM (EDT). New data will result in a change to this report.
First Owner
When the first owner(s) obtains a title from a Department of Motor Vehicles as proof of ownership.
Manufacturer Recall
Automobile manufacturers issue recall notices to inform owners of car defects that have come to the manufacturer's attention. Recalls also suggest improvements that can be made to improve the safety of a particular vehicle. Most manufacturer recalls can be repaired at no cost to you.
Ownership History
CARFAX defines an owner as an individual or business that possesses and uses a vehicle. Not all title transactions represent changes in ownership. To provide estimated number of owners, CARFAX proprietary technology analyzes all the events in a vehicle history. Estimated ownership is available for vehicles manufactured after 1991 and titled solely in the US including Puerto Rico. Dealers sometimes opt to take ownership of a vehicle and are required to in the following states: Maine, Massachusetts, New Jersey, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania and South Dakota. Please consider this as you review a vehicle's estimated ownership history.
Salvage Title
A Salvage Title is issued on a vehicle damaged to the extent that the cost of repairing the vehicle exceeds approximately 75% of its pre-damage value. This damage threshold may vary by state. Some states treat Junk titles the same as Salvage but the majority use this title to indicate that a vehicle is not road worthy and cannot be titled again in that state. The following eleven states also use Salvage titles to identify stolen vehicles - AZ, FL, GA, IL, MD, MN, NJ, NM, NY, OK and OR.
Title Issued
A state issues a title to provide a vehicle owner with proof of ownership. Each title has a unique number. Each title or registration record on a CARFAX report does not necessarily indicate a change in ownership. In Canada, a registration and bill of sale are used as proof of ownership.
Total Loss Vehicle
An insurance or fleet company declares a vehicle a total loss when a claim exceeds approximately 75% of its pre-damage value or if the vehicle is stolen and not recovered. This damage threshold varies by company. These companies typically take possession and obtain the title. Not all total loss vehicles result in a DMV-reported branded title. This may occur when an insurance company's definition of a total loss is different than the state DMV's definition for a branded title or when the owner of the vehicle is a self-insured company, like a fleet or rental company.
CARFAX DEPENDS ON ITS SOURCES FOR THE ACCURACY AND RELIABILITY OF ITS INFORMATION. THEREFORE, NO RESPONSIBILITY IS ASSUMED BY CARFAX OR ITS AGENTS FOR ERRORS OR OMISSIONS IN THIS REPORT. CARFAX FURTHER EXPRESSLY DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. CARFAX®

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