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  • VIN-specific value report
  • Dealer-only preview
  • Not part of the Vehicle History Report
UNIQUE HISTORY, UNIQUE VALUE.
Service History
Damage Brand
Salvage Auction
Airbag Deployed
CARFAX History-Based Retail Value
$9,130
(5NPEB4AC7CH449277)
Assumes: GLS Trim
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CARFAX Vehicle History Report
2012 HYUNDAI SONATA GLS
VIN: 5NPEB4AC7CH449277
SEDAN 4 DR
2.4L I4 DIR DOHC 16V
FRONT WHEEL DRIVE
Branded title
Branded Titles: Rebuilt, Salvage
Sold at salvage auction
Sold at salvage auction
Airbag deployed
Airbag deployed
Potential odometer rollback
Potential odometer rollback indicated
3 or more previous owners
6 Previous owners
CARFAX Price Adjustment
Worth $4,540 less than
retail book value
Just say, Show Me the CARFAX!

Based on the information reported to CARFAX, this vehicle is worth $4,540 less than the retail book value.

This CARFAX Vehicle History Report is based only on information supplied to CARFAX and available as of 3/26/16 at 11:36:47 PM (EDT). Other information about this vehicle, including problems, may not have been reported to CARFAX. Use this report as one important tool, along with a vehicle inspection and test drive, to make a better decision about your next used car.

Price Calculator

Adjust the value of this 2012 Hyundai Sonata GLS based on the information available in this report

1) Retail Book Value

2) CARFAX Price Adjustment™

3) Adjusted Retail Value

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Begin by entering
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Basic Warranty
Most manufacturers offer a basic warranty for new vehicles. These warranties vary by manufacturer and typically last for a certain amount of time and/or a set number of miles.





Airbag Deployment
Occurs when the driver, passenger or side airbag has been used or deployed during a crash or other incident. If an airbag has been deployed, it must be replaced by a qualified technician. Have this car inspected by a mechanic prior to purchase.
Not Actual Mileage Title
When the seller certifies, under the Federal Odometer Act, that the odometer reading does not reflect the vehicle's actual mileage. This may occur because the odometer was tampered with, broken, or replaced.




Total Loss
An insurance or fleet company declares a vehicle a total loss when a claim exceeds approximately 75% of its pre-damage value or if the vehicle is stolen and not recovered. This damage threshold varies by company. These companies typically take possession and obtain the title. Not all total loss vehicles result in a DMV-reported branded title, like a Salvage or Junk title. See the glossary for more information.








Loss Due To Fire Title
The vehicle sustained major damage due to fire. In most states, fire damage titles are issued when the cost of repairing the vehicle for safe operation exceeds its fair market value.



































Basic Warranty
Most manufacturers offer a basic warranty for new vehicles. These warranties vary by manufacturer and typically last for a certain amount of time and/or a set number of miles.



































Odometer Check
CARFAX analyzes mileage data to help identify potential:
  • Rollbacks - odometer tampering to conceal a car's true mileage (i.e. Fraud or illegal activity)
  • Rollovers - after reaching the maximum reading, the odometer restarts from zero (i.e. Mechanical or equipment limitation)
  • Inconsistencies - conflicting mileage data means CARFAX cannot determine if it's a potential rollback (i.e. Potential human error)







Flood Damage Title
States issue flood titles when a vehicle has been in a flood or has received extensive water damage.












Manufacturer Buyback or Lemon Title
A DMV or a state agency marks an official document or issues a Manufacturer Buyback/Lemon title when a vehicle has been repurchased by the manufacturer. Not all states issue manufacturer buyback titles and the specific requirements for a lemon law vehicle varies by state.




























Junk Title
A Junk Title is issued on a vehicle damaged to the extent that the cost of repairing the vehicle exceeds approximately 75% of its pre-damage value. This damage threshold may vary by state. The majority of states use this title to indicate that a vehicle is not road worthy and cannot be titled again. Some states treat Junk titles the same as Salvage.











Hail Damage Title
The vehicle sustained major damage due to hail. In most states, hail damage titles are issued when the cost of repairing the vehicle for safe operation exceeds its fair market value.












Junk Title
A Junk Title is issued on a vehicle damaged to the extent that the cost of repairing the vehicle exceeds approximately 75% of its pre-damage value. This damage threshold may vary by state. The majority of states use this title to indicate that a vehicle is not road worthy and cannot be titled again. Some states treat Junk titles the same as Salvage.




















Structural Damage
All levels of accidents, from minor to severe, can cause structural damage to a vehicle (i.e., damage to the frame or unibody).




































Salvage Title
A Salvage Title is issued on a vehicle damaged to the extent that the cost of repairing the vehicle exceeds approximately 75% of its pre-damage value. This damage threshold may vary by state. Some states treat Junk titles the same as Salvage but the majority use this title to indicate that a vehicle is not road worthy and cannot be titled again in that state. The following eleven States also use Salvage titles to identify stolen vehicles - AZ, FL, GA, IL, MD, MN, NJ, NM, NY, OK and OR.



Airbag Deployment
Occurs when the driver, passenger or side airbag has been used or deployed during a crash or other incident. If an airbag has been deployed, it must be replaced by a qualified technician. Have this car inspected by a mechanic prior to purchase.

















Accident / Damage Indicator
Various events could indicate an accident or damage in a vehicle's history, such as: salvage auction, fire damage, police-reported accident, crash test vehicle, damage disclosure, collision repair facility and automotive recycler records. See the glossary for more information.

Not Actual Mileage Title
When the seller certifies, under the Federal Odometer Act, that the odometer reading does not reflect the vehicle's actual mileage. This may occur because the odometer was tampered with, broken, or replaced.


Structural Damage
All levels of accidents, from minor to severe, can cause structural damage to a vehicle (i.e., damage to the frame or unibody).







Loss Due To Fire Title
The vehicle sustained major damage due to fire. In most states, fire damage titles are issued when the cost of repairing the vehicle for safe operation exceeds its fair market value.


















Manufacturer Buyback or Lemon Title
A DMV or a state agency marks an official document or issues a Manufacturer Buyback/Lemon title when a vehicle has been repurchased by the manufacturer. Not all states issue manufacturer buyback titles and the specific requirements for a lemon law vehicle varies by state.

























Odometer Check
CARFAX analyzes mileage data to help identify potential:
  • Rollbacks - odometer tampering to conceal a car's true mileage (i.e. Fraud or illegal activity)
  • Rollovers - after reaching the maximum reading, the odometer restarts from zero (i.e. Mechanical or equipment limitation)
  • Inconsistencies - conflicting mileage data means CARFAX cannot determine if it's a potential rollback (i.e. Potential human error)


















Dismantled Title
The vehicle sustained major damage to one or more major component parts and the cost of repairing the vehicle for safe operation exceeds its fair market value. When a Dismantled title is issued, the vehicle may be used only for parts or scrap metal. It cannot be re-titled or returned to the road.



Exceeds Mechanical Limits Title
A vehicle with a 5-digit odometer cannot accurately track mileage after 99,999 miles because the odometer rolls over. This title is the result of a seller certifying under the Federal Odometer Act, that the odometer reading EXCEEDS MECHANICAL LIMITS of the odometer.














































Accident / Damage Indicator
Various events could indicate an accident or damage in a vehicle's history, such as: salvage auction, fire damage, police-reported accident, crash test vehicle, damage disclosure, collision repair facility and automotive recycler records. See the glossary for more information.




















































Rebuilt/Reconstructed Title
A Rebuilt/Reconstructed vehicle is a salvage vehicle that has been repaired and restored to operation. These vehicles are often severely damaged before they are rebuilt and refurbished parts are typically used during reconstruction. In most states, an inspection of the vehicle is required before the vehicle is allowed to return to the road.












































Hail Damage Title
The vehicle sustained major damage due to hail. In most states, hail damage titles are issued when the cost of repairing the vehicle for safe operation exceeds its fair market value.



Total Loss
An insurance or fleet company declares a vehicle a total loss when a claim exceeds approximately 75% of its pre-damage value or if the vehicle is stolen and not recovered. This damage threshold varies by company. These companies typically take possession and obtain the title. Not all total loss vehicles result in a DMV-reported branded title, like a Salvage or Junk title. See the glossary for more information.


Rebuilt/Reconstructed Title
A Rebuilt/Reconstructed vehicle is a salvage vehicle that has been repaired and restored to operation. These vehicles are often severely damaged before they are rebuilt and refurbished parts are typically used during reconstruction. In most states, an inspection of the vehicle is required before the vehicle is allowed to return to the road.

















Rebuilt/Reconstructed Title
A Rebuilt/Reconstructed vehicle is a salvage vehicle that has been repaired and restored to operation. These vehicles are often severely damaged before they are rebuilt and refurbished parts are typically used during reconstruction. In most states, an inspection of the vehicle is required before the vehicle is allowed to return to the road.















Dismantled Title
The vehicle sustained major damage to one or more major component parts and the cost of repairing the vehicle for safe operation exceeds its fair market value. When a Dismantled title is issued, the vehicle may be used only for parts or scrap metal. It cannot be re-titled or returned to the road.



















Salvage Title
A Salvage Title is issued on a vehicle damaged to the extent that the cost of repairing the vehicle exceeds approximately 75% of its pre-damage value. This damage threshold may vary by state. Some states treat Junk titles the same as Salvage but the majority use this title to indicate that a vehicle is not road worthy and cannot be titled again in that state. The following eleven States also use Salvage titles to identify stolen vehicles - AZ, FL, GA, IL, MD, MN, NJ, NM, NY, OK and OR.





















































Rebuilt/Reconstructed Title
A Rebuilt/Reconstructed vehicle is a salvage vehicle that has been repaired and restored to operation. These vehicles are often severely damaged before they are rebuilt and refurbished parts are typically used during reconstruction. In most states, an inspection of the vehicle is required before the vehicle is allowed to return to the road.























Manufacturer Recall
Automobile manufacturers issue recall notices to inform owners of car defects that have come to the manufacturer's attention. Recalls also suggest improvements that can be made to improve the safety of a particular vehicle. Most manufacturer recalls can be repaired at no cost to you.








Exceeds Mechanical Limits Title
A vehicle with a 5-digit odometer cannot accurately track mileage after 99,999 miles because the odometer rolls over. This title is the result of a seller certifying under the Federal Odometer Act, that the odometer reading EXCEEDS MECHANICAL LIMITS of the odometer.






Manufacturer Recall
Automobile manufacturers issue recall notices to inform owners of car defects that have come to the manufacturer's attention. Recalls also suggest improvements that can be made to improve the safety of a particular vehicle. Most manufacturer recalls can be repaired at no cost to you.
Flood Damage Title
States issue flood titles when a vehicle has been in a flood or has received extensive water damage.




Ownership History

The number of owners is estimated

Owners 1-4 Owner 5 Owner 6
Year purchased2012 2015 2015 
Type of ownerSee Details Personal ---
Estimated length of ownership2 yrs. 6 mo. 2 months 9 months 
Owned in the following states/provincesNew York, Ohio Ohio, Florida Florida 
Estimated miles driven per year--- --- --- 
Last reported odometer reading--- --- --- 

Title History

CARFAX guarantees the information in this section

Owners 1-4 Owner 5 Owner 6
Salvage | Junk | Rebuilt | Fire | Flood | Hail | Lemon Alert!
Problem Found
Alert!
Problem Found
Alert!
Problem Found
Not Actual Mileage | Exceeds Mechanical Limits No Problem No Problem No Problem

Alert! Severe problems were reported by a state Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV). This vehicle does not qualify for the CARFAX Buyback Guarantee.

Additional History

Not all accidents / issues are reported to CARFAX

Owners 1-4 Owner 5 Owner 6
Total Loss
Total loss reported on 09/23/2012.
Total Loss Reported
No New Issues Reported
No New Issues Reported
Structural Damage
No structural damage reported to CARFAX.
No Issues Reported
No Issues Reported
No Issues Reported
Airbag Deployment
Airbag deployment reported on 09/23/2012.
Airbag Deployment
No New Issues Reported
No New Issues Reported
Odometer Check
Potential odometer rollback indicated.
Potential Rollback
No New Issues Indicated
No New Issues Indicated
Accident / Damage
DMV title problems reported. Accidents reported on: 06/11/2012 and 09/23/2012. Vehicle sold at a salvage auction on 12/27/2012. Damage reported on: 01/28/2013, 02/04/2013, 04/11/2013 and 04/29/2013.
Severe Damage
Severe Damage
Severe Damage
Manufacturer Recall
At least 1 manufacturer recall requires repair. Most recalls can be repaired free of charge.
No Recalls Reported
No Recalls Reported
Recall
Reported

Detailed History

Owner 1
Purchased:2012
Type:Personal lease
Where:New York
Est. length owned: 4/23/12 - 1/17/13 (8 months)
Date:Mileage:Source:Comments:
01/06/2012     Hyundai Motor America Vehicle manufactured
and shipped to New York

Original Manufacturer's Suggested
Retail Price: $22,710

Iridescent Silver Blue Pearl exterior
Gray interior
04/23/2012   44   New York
Inspection Station
Passed safety inspection
Emissions inspection performed

View what was inspected
04/23/2012     New York
Motor Vehicle Dept.
Staten Island, NY
Registration issued or renewed
Titled or registered as personal lease vehicle
Passed safety inspection
05/18/2012     New York
Motor Vehicle Dept.
Atlanta, GA
Title issued or updated
First owner reported
Titled or registered as personal lease vehicle
  • Two states? Vehicle leasing companies often title a car in one state but register it to be driven in another.
06/11/2012     New York
Damage Report
Accident reported
Involving front impact
with another motor vehicle
09/23/2012     New York
Damage Report
Accident reported
with another motor vehicle
Airbag deployed CARFAX Airbag Tips
09/23/2012     New York
Damage Report
TOTAL LOSS VEHICLE
Vehicle declared a total loss
by an insurance company
Collision damage reported
  • There are many reasons an insurance company will declare a vehicle a total loss. Have this vehicle inspected by a qualified technician before you buy. Learn more
12/27/2012   4,074   Auto Auction Collision damage reported
Sold at salvage auction
 
Owner 2
Purchased:2013
Where:New York, Ohio
Est. length owned: 1/17/13 - 1/22/13 (5 days)
Date:Mileage:Source:Comments:
01/17/2013     New York
Motor Vehicle Dept.
New owner reported
SALVAGE TITLE/CERTIFICATE ISSUED
01/22/2013     New York
Motor Vehicle Dept.
Title or registration issued
to insurance company
01/28/2013     Ohio
Motor Vehicle Dept.
Euclid, OH
Title #4302498377
Vehicle purchase reported
Severe damage reported
Dealer took title of this vehicle
while it was in inventory
SALVAGE TITLE/CERTIFICATE ISSUED
REBUILT TITLE ISSUED
Damage Disclosure reported
02/04/2013     Ohio
Motor Vehicle Dept.
Euclid, OH
Title #8301814511
Severe damage reported
Dealer took title of this vehicle
while it was in inventory
Correction to record
SALVAGE TITLE/CERTIFICATE ISSUED
REBUILT TITLE ISSUED
Damage Disclosure reported
Loan or lien reported
02/20/2013   4,831   Dealer Inventory Vehicle offered for sale
 
Owner 3
Purchased:2013
Type:Lease
Where:Ohio
Est. length owned: 3/29/13 - 4/29/13 (1 month)
Date:Mileage:Source:Comments:
03/29/2013   5,380   Ohio
Motor Vehicle Dept.
Vehicle purchase reported
04/11/2013     Ohio
Motor Vehicle Dept.
Euclid, OH
Title #4302533691
Severe damage reported
New owner reported
SALVAGE TITLE/CERTIFICATE ISSUED
REBUILT TITLE ISSUED
Damage Disclosure reported
Titled or registered as lease vehicle
04/19/2013   7,850   Valvoline Instant Oil Change
North Randall, OH
216-663-8258
vioc.com
Oil and filter changed

 
Owner 4
Purchased:2013
Type:Lease
Where:Ohio
Est. length owned: 4/29/13 - 11/20/14 (1 yr. 6 mo.)
Date:Mileage:Source:Comments:
04/29/2013     Ohio
Motor Vehicle Dept.
Euclid, OH
Title #4302541967
Vehicle purchase reported
Severe damage reported
Correction to record
New owner reported
SALVAGE TITLE/CERTIFICATE ISSUED
REBUILT TITLE ISSUED
Damage Disclosure reported
Titled or registered as lease vehicle
04/29/2013     Ohio
Motor Vehicle Dept.
Euclid, OH
Title #4302541976
Severe damage reported
Dealer took title of this vehicle
while it was in inventory
SALVAGE TITLE/CERTIFICATE ISSUED
REBUILT TITLE ISSUED
Damage Disclosure reported
04/30/2013     Ohio
Motor Vehicle Dept.
Cleveland, OH
Title #4302542321
Registration issued or renewed
06/24/2013   13,878   Valvoline Instant Oil Change
North Randall, OH
216-663-8258
vioc.com
Fuel injection system checked
Air filter replaced
Oil and filter changed
10/11/2013     Ohio
Motor Vehicle Dept.
Cleveland, OH
Title #4302542321
Registration issued or renewed
10/14/2013   26,259   Valvoline Instant Oil Change
North Randall, OH
216-663-8258
vioc.com
Fuel injection system checked
Front wiper blades/refills replaced
Oil and filter changed
Wiper(s) replaced
04/03/2014   32,911   Valvoline Instant Oil Change
North Randall, OH
216-663-8258
vioc.com
Oil and filter changed
06/14/2014   39,937   Valvoline Instant Oil Change
North Randall, OH
216-663-8258
vioc.com
Oil and filter changed
Air filter replaced
09/12/2014   48,593   Valvoline Instant Oil Change
North Randall, OH
216-663-8258
vioc.com
Fuel injection system checked
Oil and filter changed
Cabin air filter replaced/cleaned

10/09/2014     Ohio
Motor Vehicle Dept.
Cleveland, OH
Title #4302542321
Registration issued or renewed
11/20/2014   23,586   Ohio
Motor Vehicle Dept.
Vehicle purchase reported

POTENTIAL ODOMETER ROLLBACK
  • There are signs of potential odometer rollback here, so verify the mileage with the seller. I know I would.
12/04/2014     Ohio
Motor Vehicle Dept.
Cleveland, OH
Title #1810597366
Dealer took title of this vehicle
while it was in inventory
SALVAGE TITLE/CERTIFICATE ISSUED
REBUILT TITLE ISSUED
03/18/2015   27,973   King Hyundai of Deerfield Beach
Deerfield Beach, FL
888-821-2061
kinghyundai.com
Rear brake pads replaced
Oil and filter changed
Drivability/performance checked
Clutch cable replaced
 
Owner 5
Purchased:2015
Type:Personal
Where:Ohio, Florida
Est. length owned: 3/25/15 - 5/27/15 (2 months)
Date:Mileage:Source:Comments:
03/25/2015     Ohio
Motor Vehicle Dept.
Vehicle purchase reported
03/30/2015     Ohio
Motor Vehicle Dept.
Deerfield Beach, FL
Title #1810710909
New owner reported
SALVAGE TITLE/CERTIFICATE ISSUED
REBUILT TITLE ISSUED
04/04/2015   30,748   Florida
Motor Vehicle Dept.
Deerfield Beach, FL
Title #0118399922
Vehicle purchase reported
SALVAGE TITLE/CERTIFICATE ISSUED
REBUILT TITLE ISSUED
Titled or registered as
personal vehicle
Vehicle color noted as Light Blue
04/30/2015   31,209   Coconut Creek Hyundai
Coconut Creek, FL
954-283-1002
coconutcreekhyundai.com
oconutcreekhyundai.
com
Maintenance inspection completed
Washed/detailed
05/27/2015     Coconut Creek Hyundai
Coconut Creek, FL
954-283-1002
coconutcreekhyundai.com
oconutcreekhyundai.
com
Vehicle serviced
 
Owner 6
Purchased:2015
Where:Florida
Est. length owned: 5/27/15 - present (9 months)
Date:Mileage:Source:Comments:
05/27/2015     Florida
Motor Vehicle Dept.
Deerfield Beach, FL
Title #0118399922
Vehicle purchase reported
New owner reported
SALVAGE TITLE/CERTIFICATE ISSUED
REBUILT TITLE ISSUED
Vehicle color noted as Light Blue
06/17/2015   32,070   Toyota/Scion of Deerfield Beach
Deerfield Beach, FL
954-421-4000
toyotaofdeerfieldbeach.com
oyotaofdeerfieldbea
ch.com
Oil and filter changed
12/07/2015     Hyundai Motor America Manufacturer recall/service bulletin issued
NHTSA #15V568000
Recall # 132
2011 - 2012 ENGINE INSPECTION/REPLACEMENT
Status: Remedy Available

Click here or call 1-800-633-5151 to locate an authorized Hyundai dealer near you to obtain more information about this recall.

Description: HYUNDAI MOTOR AMERICA (HYUNDAI) IS RECALLING CERTAIN MODEL YEAR 2011-2012 SONATA VEHICLES MANUFACTURED DECEMBER 11, 2009, TO APRIL 12, 2012 AT HYUNDAI MOTOR MANUFACTURING ALABAMA AND EQUIPPED WITH EITHER A 2.0 LITER OR 2.4 LITER GASOLINE DIRECT INJECTION ENGINE. IN THE AFFECTED VEHICLES, METALLIC DEBRIS MAY NOT HAVE BEEN FULLY REMOVED DURING MANUFACTURING OF THE ENGINE CRANKSHAFT. IF THE DEBRIS WAS NOT COMPLETELY REMOVED, OIL FLOW MAY BE RESTRICTED THROUGH THE CONNECTING ROD BEARINGS, CAUSING CONNECTING ROD DAMAGE AND POSSIBLE ENGINE FAILURE. A WORN CONNECTING ROD BEARING WILL PRODUCE A METALLIC, CYCLIC KNOCKING NOISE FROM THE ENGINE AND POSSIBLE ENGINE FAILURE.

ENGINE FAILURE WOULD RESULT IN A VEHICLE STALL, INCREASING THE RISK OF A CRASH.

Remedy: HYUNDAI WILL NOTIFY OWNERS, AND DEALERS WILL INSPECT THE VEHICLES AND REPLACE THE ENGINE ASSEMBLY, AS NECESSARY, FREE OF CHARGE. ADDITIONALLY, HYUNDAI MOTOR AMERICA WILL INCREASE THE WARRANTY FOR THE ENGINE SUB-ASSEMBLY (SHORT BLOCK) TO 10 YEARS/120,000 MILES FOR BOTH ORIGINAL AND SUBSEQUENT OWNERS OF 2011 AND 2012 SONATAS MANUFACTURED AT HYUNDAI MOTOR MANUFACTURING ALABAMA EQUIPPED WITH 2.0 LITER AND 2.4 LITER GASOLINE DIRECT INJECTION ENGINES. INTERIM NOTIFICATIONS WERE MAILED TO OWNERS STARTING ON OCTOBER 8, 2015. A SECOND NOTIFICATION WILL BE MAILED WHEN PARTS ARE AVAILABLE. OWNERS MAY CONTACT HYUNDAI CUSTOMER SERVICE AT 1-855-671-3059 OR BY VISITING WWW.HYUNDAIUSA.COM/CAMPAIGN132. HYUNDAI'S NUMBER FOR THIS RECALL IS 132.

03/03/2016   44,200   Coconut Creek Hyundai
Coconut Creek, FL
954-283-1002
coconutcreekhyundai.com
oconutcreekhyundai.
com
Maintenance inspection completed
Washed/detailed
 
 

Glossary

Accident / Damage Indicator
CARFAX receives information about accidents in all 50 states, the District of Columbia and Canada. Different information in a vehicle's history can indicate an accident or damage, such as: salvage auction, fire damage, police-reported accident, crash test vehicle, damage disclosure, collision repair facility and automotive recycler records. Not every accident or damage event is reported and not all reported are provided to CARFAX. Details about the accident or damage event when reported to CARFAX (e.g. severity, impact location, airbag deployment) are included on the Vehicle History Report. CARFAX recommends you obtain a vehicle inspection from your dealer or an independent mechanic.
  • According to the National Safety Council, Injury Facts, 2015 edition, 8% of the 254 million registered vehicles in the U.S. were involved in an accident in 2013. Over 74% of these were considered minor or moderate.
  • CARFAX depends on many sources for its accident / damage data. CARFAX can only report what is in our database on 3/26/16 at 11:36:47 PM (EDT). New data will result in a change to this report.
New York Damage Reports:
  • Do not include an assessment of damage severity
  • Are required if the estimated damage exceeds $1000
Airbag Deployment
Occurs when the driver, passenger or side airbag has been used or deployed during a crash or other incident. If an airbag has been deployed, it must be replaced by a qualified technician. Have this car inspected by a mechanic prior to purchase. Use CARFAX Airbag Tips to make sure this vehicle's airbag system is functional.
CARFAX Price Adjustment™
Accidents, service records, number of owners and many other history factors can affect a vehicle's value. The CARFAX Price Adjustment is a tool that analyzes millions of used car transactions to measure how the combination of all the information reported to CARFAX affects the value of a particular vehicle. The vehicle's retail book value plus the CARFAX Price Adjustment will give you a more accurate measure of the vehicle's value. Use this tool, along with a vehicle inspection and test drive, to make a better decision about your next used car.
Damage Disclosure
When the owner discloses to a DMV or other CARFAX source that the vehicle sustained damage. The extent of damage can range from minor to severe. CARFAX recommends you have this vehicle inspected.
First Owner
When the first owner(s) obtains a title from a Department of Motor Vehicles as proof of ownership.
Lease
When someone leases a car from a dealer, the dealer actually sells the vehicle to a leasing company. The leasing company then collects payments for the vehicle from the new owner for 24, 36, 48 or more months. A leasing company can be an independent car dealer or a car manufacturer.
Manufacturer Recall
Automobile manufacturers issue recall notices to inform owners of car defects that have come to the manufacturer's attention. Recalls also suggest improvements that can be made to improve the safety of a particular vehicle. Most manufacturer recalls can be repaired at no cost to you.
New Owner Reported
When a vehicle is sold to a new owner, the Title must be transferred to the new owner(s) at a Department of Motor Vehicles.
Odometer Rollback
If a more recent odometer reading is less than an older reading, then the odometer may have been tampered with and "rolled back." CARFAX analyzes the mileage history and the sources of this information to indicate a potential odometer rollback.
Ownership History
CARFAX defines an owner as an individual or business that possesses and uses a vehicle. Not all title transactions represent changes in ownership. To provide estimated number of owners, CARFAX proprietary technology analyzes all the events in a vehicle history. Estimated ownership is available for vehicles manufactured after 1991 and titled solely in the US including Puerto Rico. Dealers sometimes opt to take ownership of a vehicle and are required to in the following states: Maine, Massachusetts, New Jersey, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania and South Dakota. Please consider this as you review a vehicle's estimated ownership history.
Rebuilt/Reconstructed Title
A Rebuilt/Reconstructed vehicle is a salvage vehicle that has been repaired and restored to operation. These vehicles are often severely damaged before they are rebuilt and refurbished parts are typically used during reconstruction. In most states, an inspection of the vehicle is required before the vehicle is allowed to return to the road.
Salvage Auction Record
Most vehicles sold at Salvage auctions were declared totaled by insurance companies. Most of these vehicles have sustained significant damage but there are some exceptions. For instance, recovered stolen vehicles are often declared a total loss regardless of the actual damage. Rebuilders and Recyclers purchase these vehicles at auction with intentions to rebuild them or dismantle them for parts.
Salvage Title
A Salvage Title is issued on a vehicle damaged to the extent that the cost of repairing the vehicle exceeds approximately 75% of its pre-damage value. This damage threshold may vary by state. Some states treat Junk titles the same as Salvage but the majority use this title to indicate that a vehicle is not road worthy and cannot be titled again in that state. The following eleven states also use Salvage titles to identify stolen vehicles - AZ, FL, GA, IL, MD, MN, NJ, NM, NY, OK and OR.
Title Issued
A state issues a title to provide a vehicle owner with proof of ownership. Each title has a unique number. Each title or registration record on a CARFAX report does not necessarily indicate a change in ownership. In Canada, a registration and bill of sale are used as proof of ownership.
Total Loss Vehicle
An insurance or fleet company declares a vehicle a total loss when a claim exceeds approximately 75% of its pre-damage value or if the vehicle is stolen and not recovered. This damage threshold varies by company. These companies typically take possession and obtain the title. Not all total loss vehicles result in a DMV-reported branded title. This may occur when an insurance company's definition of a total loss is different than the state DMV's definition for a branded title or when the owner of the vehicle is a self-insured company, like a fleet or rental company.
CARFAX DEPENDS ON ITS SOURCES FOR THE ACCURACY AND RELIABILITY OF ITS INFORMATION. THEREFORE, NO RESPONSIBILITY IS ASSUMED BY CARFAX OR ITS AGENTS FOR ERRORS OR OMISSIONS IN THIS REPORT. CARFAX FURTHER EXPRESSLY DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. CARFAX®

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